Our India is the world’s second most populous country and it also third most polluted country in the world . Plastic pollution is a major cause of environmental pollution in India . India generates nearly 26,000 tonnes of plastic waste everyday , making in the 15th biggest plastic polluter globally . Discarded plastic waste litter the country’s roads , rivers , and also form huge mounds in garbage dumps across the country . Today in our modern lives we rely on a variety of things made of easily available plastic . Just as the use of plastic has made human life better , easier , healthier , and safer everyday . But the misuse of plastic has polluted the environment . Many of us pollute the environment without knowing how to use plastic properly . In our daily lives various things made of plastic are intimately involved . Excluding the use of plastics will affect our modern lifestyle . We use different things made of plastic such as toothbrush , shampoo/conditioner bottles , soft drinks bottles , chips or cookies packet , chocolate rapper , cell phones , computers , TV , IT equipments , car parts , medical test tubes , culture trays , household appliances , plastic containers , water bottles , medical components , outdoor furniture , toys , luggage , food storage containers , carry home food containers , plastic bag and many more things . Plastic is used in the manufacture of various things because plastic is durable and provides protection from contaminants and the elements . It reduces food waste by preserving food and increasing its validity . It protects food against pest , microbes and humidity . Without this protection food is more likely to get damaged and become more unusable . Plastics are capable of building things that are strong , stable and long lasting . Plastic packaging helps protect and preserve products , reduces weight in transportation , which saves fuel and reduces greenhouse gas emissions . From computers and cell phone to televisions and microwaves plastic helps to make durable , light weight , affordable and plastic also helps revolutionize the electronics that we rely on everyday . As well as the misuse of plastic puts environment in extreme danger . Chemical involved in plastic are absorbed by human bodies , some of these compound have been found to alter hormones and affect the human health . Some of these chemicals have been linked to health problems such as metabolic disorders and reduced fertility . Even micro plastic entering the human body via direct exposures through ingestion can lead to an array of health impacts including inflammation , genotoxicity , oxidative stress , apoptosis and necrosis , which are linked to an array of negative health outcomes including cancer , cardiovascular diseases . Exposure to harmful chemicals during manufacturing , leaching in the stored food items while using plastic packages or chewing of plastic teethers and toys by children are linked with severe adverse health outcomes such as birth defects , impaired immunity , endocrine disruption , developmental and reproductive diseases . Even using of toxic plastic ( PVC , PUR etc.) causes different human health problems like irritation in the eyes , vision failure , liver dysfunction , breathing difficulties , respiratory problems , skin disease , headache , lungs problems , gastrointestinal problems , asthma , nerves and brain damage , kidney diseases and many type of cancer . Plastic is much harmful for environment because plastic is non biodegradable . It can take up to 1000 years for plastic to decomposed in landfills . The plastic bags we use daily take 10 years to 1000 years to decomposed , while plastic bottle can take approximately 450 years . Plastic pollution on land poses a threat to the plants and animals , including humans who are based on the land . Chlorinated plastic can release harmful chemicals into the surrounding soil , which can then seep into ground water or other surrounding water sources and also the ecosystem of the world . Larger pieces of plastic are also a problem . More than 1,200 species are impacted by plastic , through ingestion or entanglement both of which can sicken or even kill them . Birds , fish , turtles , dolphins , sharks and even whales can be poisoned or trapped by plastic waste . Plastic pollution harms not only humans but also other organism and marine life . Plastic pollution has a direct and deadly affect on wildlife . Thousands of seabirds and sea turtles , seals and other marine mammals are killed each year after ingesting plastic or getting entangled in it . Globally 100,000 marine mammals die every year as a result of plastic pollution . This includes whales , dolphins , porpoises , seals and sea lions . There are two principle ways that encountering marine debris can be fatal for these creatures – ingestion or entanglement in plastic based fishing gear . Marine plastic pollution has effected over 267 species worldwide as a result of starvation , suffocation , infection , drowning and entanglement . The evidence of the plastics impact on marine life is ever mounting ; it is expected that there will soon be more plastic in our ocean than marine life . Marine life in the sea will cause the collapse of civilization and most likely the extinction of the human species and when the marine life dies , we all die . So the misuse of plastic can lead to the destruction of the entire ecosystem . Now the best way to prevent plastic contamination is to recycle plastic . Plastic is made from refined crude oil . Gasification involves heating the waste plastic with air or steam to produce a valuable industrial gas mixtures called “Synthesis gas ” or “ Syngas ” . This can then used to produce petrol or burned directly in boilers to generate electricity . Synthesis gas can be captured and converted in renewable ethanol , jet fuel and diesel . Plastic also converted into oil that called pyrolysis or depolymerization . Plastic to oil is the process of converting waste plastic back into oil to be used as a fuel . Plastics , in particular contain mainly carbon and hydrogen , with similar energy content to conventional fuel such as diesel . It is possible to convert all plastic directly into useful forms of energy and chemicals for industry , using the process called “ cold plasma pyrolysis ” . So proper use of plastic can solve many of our problems . Even plastic have a high energy content so that can be converted to electricity , synthesis gas , fuels and recycled feedstocks for new plastics and other products of chemistry . Recovering this abundant energy also reduces waste sent to landfills and complements plastic recycling . Moreover , negligence is the main cause of plastic pollution . In fact , it is estimated that 80% of marine litter comes from land . This pollution comes mainly from household waste , which is poorly recycled , dumped in landfills or abandoned in nature . So we all need to be aware of plastic pollution and proper use of plastics . Only awareness can keep the environment transparent , so we must be aware .