Ban of plastic,boon to planet.
Plasticwaste is a major issue of our era. It becomes a very important part of Human’s daily life. Though it is very economical and easy available that’s why people using it endlessly. It seems like our day is incomplete without the use of plastic, from covering point of pen to transportation of materials like sofa ,chair also somewhere consists Plastic.
Around 275 million tonnes of plastic waste is generated each year around the world and between 4.8 million to 12.7 million tonnes is dumped into the sea. A new report reveals that 70 million metric tonnes of plastic burned worldwide each year.
Plastic and their byproducts are littering our cities, oceans and waterways and contributing to health problems in humans and animals because we all know that it consists synthetic materials which is toxic and widely dumped plastic is consumed as food material by animals such as cows led to death of animals. Some conservationists estimate that at least 100,000 mammals and birds die from consuming plastic each year. Marine animals consume the plastic which settle on ocean surfaces and it affects the ocean environment and human consume those toxified sea foods that led to major disease and cause intoxications within the human body. Over 1 million marine animals are killed each year due to plastic debris in the ocean.
It affects the health of our environment and Humans also face many diseases like cancer and liver damage, pulmonary cancer due to inhalation of poisonous gases by lungs resulting to cancer, asthma etc.
Plastic is a non-degradable and remains in the environment for a long period of time. Plastic is produced by polymer chains of polyethylene terephalate, which are melted and shaped into plastic product and those were used by us and disposed off. If it is taken to a landfill, it will take thousand years to decompose and can poison water flow.
We can use the plastic waste and convert it into wealth in many ways. We can use the 4Rs method i.e., Review, Reduce, Reuse, Recycle.
1. Review :- we should keep a check on how much plastic are we using in a week or in a month. We should write it down and try to reduce the usage everytime.
2. Reduce:- In lieu of disposing all the plastic material we can opt for more options like we can use paper or cloth shopping bags, travel mugs and cups, stainless steel or silicone straws. We should use the items longer without replacing it.
3. Reuse:- It means finding new use of old things. Before throwing plastic things we should think of reusing it. We can donate our home appliances and utensils to someone who is needy. We can use our plastic bottles for flowering plants instead of using plastic flowerpots. And we can use our many plastic materials in a creative manner instead of disposing it off.
4. Recycle:- we can recycle plastic and turn it into a good thing. Like now fuels are also made of plastic roads are also made from the mixture of plastic and bitumen, and a plastic bathroom is also being made in Tamil Nadu with plastic bottles collected from trash then those bottles were filled with mixture of sand and cement and used as an alternative for bricks.
Scientists predicted that without urgent action there will be more plastic than fish in the ocean by 2050. Yet, despite the danger that plastic pollution poses to our planet and to human health, industry and governments have so far failed to face up the systematic change required to solve the issue. That’s why the network of 100 NGOs released a groundbreaking new Global vision for a future free from plastic pollution. It prioritize on waste reduction building a material lifestyle that sustains the health of the people and the planet and work with producers and workers to change the system. It will push the Government, cities and major companies to solve this overgrowing problem.
This is not just about managing the problem. It’s about preventing it in the first place. Most countries are giving their initiatives to reduce the plastic issue.
Here are few examples of initiatives taken by different countries and cities.
• Canada aims to ban single-use plastic by 2021.
• Peru restricted single-use plastic.
• San Diego banned styrofoam food and drink containers.
• Washington D.C. begins the ban of plastic straw.
• European Union approved single-use plastic ban.
250 groups launched massive Global plastic partnership.
So the major steps were taken by different parts of the world to reduce the usage of plastic and save environment degradation.
Experts caution that Modi’s goal is far from being realised, and would likely take significant changes and investment from industry and the public. Already industry lobbyists have taken aim at the efforts. The state of Maharashtra, eased to ban on single-use plastic.
We should take some voluntarily steps reduce the usage of plastic. We should be more alert and careful while using and dumping plastic and it’s products, we should use biodegradable materials. we can refill our bottle instead of buying a new one. We can use stainless steel bottle inspite of plastic one. If each and every person voluntarily reduce the usage of plastic then there will be less demand of plastic products in the market. Our small effort in day to day life lead to great change for the sake of our environment.
” The lesser we use plastic in our lives,
The longer life we give to our planet”