WASTE TO WEALTH
BOON OF WASTE
A proper disposal of waste( collection, transportation, disposal, reuse and recycle) generated by human population is called waste management. In olden days, the question of waste management didn’t arise. Because, naturally there was a method of disposal of waste by digging a pit and dumping the waste,moreover the waste produced was also biodegradable so it gets degraded so easily and is used as manure in fields.
Now, since the waste generated is of different kinds we are forced to think of ways to manage it. Vegetable waste, stationary waste, plant droppings, clothing, etc are all organic waste and can be disposed off easily. But the inorganic waste like plastic, tin can, glassware, electronic products, used up medical devices etc, are all non biodegradable and it needs some special methods for disposal.
In addition to it, a fast developing country like India generates various kinds of urban and industrial waste. The range of waste streams includes – municipal waste, biomedical waste, construction and demolition debris, plastic packaging waste, industrial hazardous and non hazardous waste and e-waste. These varieties of waste provide a unique challenge for their management. To overcome these challenges, Ministry of environment, forest and climate change (MoEFCC) came out with six set of rules in 2016. The rules are focused on extended producer responsibility to make the manufacturers of various products also responsible to ensure that the waste generated out of their products are collected and processed in responsible manner. It is not only the responsibility of industrial waste producers but the responsibility of every citizen to practice the best method of waste management in their routine life. ”TAKE RESPONSIBILITY NO BLAMES, NO EXCUSES, NO COMPLAINTS “.
The management is not an easy task. It is in fact a humongous problem. India’ s 377 million urban population is generating 62 million tonnes of waste every year, and if the growing urban population is coupled with the nation’s burgeoning economy, purchasing power and consumption patterns are factored in, the total urban waste in India is likely to rise by 165 million tones by 2031,according to the government task force report on waste to energy published in 2014. If wastes are left untreated then India will have to need 454 Sq km more than the usual dump site to dispose the waste.
The Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) management are planning to develop waste- to – energy systems. With the conversion of waste into wealth, the country ‘s economic status is also upgraded in an efficient manner.
For example: A 100 GW solar capacity entails an estimated demand of 7 million tonnes of materials, (glass, silver, aluminum, silicon) which can be retrieved, recycled and reused, reducing the stress on resources. So with this the battery recycling programmes can also be organized.
The circular economy model can give conventional energy sources as well. So with immense possibilities and substantial room for growth, India’s sustainable energy journey will pursue when aided by resource efficiency journey.
As the citizen of India, we need to generate the wealth of energy from the world generated waste to upbring our nation along with sustainable development and economic growth.