What is waste? It is not a new thing for us .It is pretty common in the world then and now to produce waste. Everything ,whether it is living or not it produces waste materials as a by-product of their needs.
We humans ,produce waste both internally and externally. Hypothetically ,it is the waste produced externally the more dangerous. The reason behind this according to me is that the waste we produce inside ourselves moreover resides within ourselves , only a little portion in it which cannot be stored in our body in excreted out. But we humans as years passed started being a developed organism, which inturn resulted in being the most dangerous animal in the world. For instance, in a zoo in Lusaka, a mirror is kept above which it is written ,’here,you can see the most dangerous animal ‘.We started to be a species in this universe ,whose powers are becoming immortal ,unless it is destroyed. After all we are the only people here who have self-consciousness,we are the ones responsible for the untimely death of our planet in coming years. I am not saying that the eart is going to end in fire or ice as our famous poet said. But I reckon that it will be the most wildest ending .
People after being noticed about the waste produced are taking some appropriate steps for its declination. But still this have been implemented only in a few particular countries. There are many places in world ,particularly the developing countries where communities deposit their wastes in barren lands which leads to many diseases. Even after seeing a trash bin nearby ,people just neglect its prescense and deploy them in corners. We can still see people spitting and urinating in public places in rural areas of many countries. This shows the lack of awareness created in them about its consiquences.
We all know about the masks the people wear during Covid 19. Recently , its observed thst the disposable masks are being thrown into streets,beaches,etc after its uses just as throwing a wrapper of toffee. BBC news showed a detail image of a beach shore where hundreds of masks were found.
The major problems affecting solid waste management are unscientific treatment, improper collection of waste, and ethical problems. This in turn leads to hazards like environmental degradation, water pollution, soil pollution, and air pollution.
Municipal solid waste collection schemes of cities in the developing world generally serve only a limited part of the urban population. The people remaining without a waste collection service are usually the low-income population living in peri-urban areas.
One of the main reasons, is the lack of financial resources to cope with the increasing amount of generated waste produced by the rapid growing cities. Often inadequate fees charged and insufficient funds from a central municipal budget can not finance adequate levels of service. Furthermore the available resources are often allocated to the high-income areas with higher tax yields where residents have more political influence, so leaving the poor in peri-urban areas unserved. However not only financial problems affect the availability or sustainability of a waste collection service. In very many cases it is also technical issues that hinder an efficient service and higher population coverage. Often the conventional collection approach as developed and used in the industrialized countries is applied in developing countries. The used vehicles are sophisticated, expensive and difficult to operate and maintain, thereby often inadequate for the conditions in developing countries. After a short time of operation usually only a small part of the vehicle fleet remains in operation.
Few solutions which may help according to me other then Reduce , Reuse, Recycle, Repeat, Repurpose are:
• An essential prerequisite for a successful nongovernmental primary collection scheme is the collaboration between the municipal authorities and the community groups and/or the private sector involved with the waste management. A lack of cooperation can result in serious deficiencies, especially at the interface between the non-governmental primary collection and the municipal secondary collection. Emphasis must be laid on the establishment of a service-oriented collaboration between the public and non-governmental actors.
• Alternative approaches for primary collection schemes require considerable participation of the households. It is therefore important to assess their willingness to contribute and to involve the future users on all levels of decision making while setting up the scheme. Willingness to contribute is related to the felt need of the population for waste collection and this again is related to their awareness with regard to the problems related to inappropriate waste handling. Enhancing awareness through information and education can enhance motivation and participation.
• Low-cost technical solutions are prerequisites for successful schemes. Poor people may not be able to afford cash contributions however they may contribute in kind, e.g. by carrying their waste to the next communal bin. If collection vehicles are needed, muscle powered (person or animal) carts or small vehicles proved to be appropriate for areas with difficult access.
• Costs of the collection scheme must be recovered from the beneficiaries through a simple fee collection system to ensure a certain sustainability of the system.
I would like to conclude my essay on a famous quote:”Nowadays people know the price of everything ,but not the value of everything.”