From the past to the present the things are changing during a time lapse starting from second to years showcasing man’s lead role in building this beautiful world. In contrast to this the equivalent brain lags behind to find different ways to put an end to all or any of his waste generated after his experiments, also he has given the definition of this foe as unusable for unwanted material although there are a few ways to reuse it for recovery of energy or resource. Waste generated per person per day, consistent with a survey in the world, is an average of 0.74 kilogram but rangers widely from 0.11 to 4.54 kilograms.
Landing to the burning issue is “waste”, waste is something which we live along with is any substance which is thrown after a one or multiple use and sometimes is a defective there are many sorts. A few of classic examples are electronic or e-waste, organic or simply bio waste, inorganic waste radioactive waste etc. Those which are hard to divide at their sources are e-waste, being highly expensive and radioactive waste, being highly dangerous processes; in between of those two all other categories comes, in those bio waste is straightforward to separate at its source as more or less biodegradable into categories like fibers, compost etc. Coming towards the inorganic or non biodegradable category, plastic waste stands first among them. According to an organization, the estimated statistics of every year the world produces more than 380 million tons of plastic as waste which would end up as pollutants. As of the CPCB’s annual report of 2018, the total plastic waste generated in India was around 6.6 million tons per annum.
Conforming to the figures, Canada, Bulgaria and US stand at the top of the world as peak producers of trash, so the query usually comes in mind about how the waste is engendered. It is generated by us, eventually we do not care of throwing bottles covers and packets here and there sometimes in water, ashore etc.
So is it not a requirement to possess management of waste? We have discovered the management of many the fields like business management, time management etc.” What does management means?” Management means controlling things according to a proper way to achieve goals efficiently and effectively; here ‘goals’ refers to a gorgeous clean environment. That is why waste management serves the purpose of managing, treating storing ,shipping and disposing of waste .Arriving to the advantages of this process, it maintains a cleaner atmosphere, lithosphere and hydrosphere and avoids infectious diseases; it provides employment opportunities for those with less schooling it and conserves energy and results in sustainable use of resources but this procedure needs lots of money and investment; as workers are exposed to the process of segregation at the source of the waste ,their life is also at stake of having diseases ,also waste management practices are not similar in developing and developed countries. Waste management units are unable to accelerate with increasing volume of waste products by the increasing population; there are many methods of this procedure, highlighting the efficient method we land upon segregation .Of course other methods are good but this is better when done at the source of the waste. So dividing waste as plastic, paper, kitchen organic waste, hazardous waste, cloth etc. We can have the role model of many countries which are having their own ways to tackle the problem of waste segregation at its source. Colombia’s municipalities that produce 28800 tons of solid waste have come up with an eco-bot which is basically ‘reverse vending machine’ located in malls and public spaces that encourages the process of recycling the PET bottles. It gives them coupons, tickets and collected waste is sent to recycling. In Melong of Indonesia , Dr.Gamala Albinsaid created ‘garbage clinical insurance’ which let people trade garbage for medical services and medicines .But sad part is that every year millions of people die or get ill directly or indirectly due to various pollutions just like pollution at Minamata bay due to Mercury poisoning. In 1956, thousands of fisherman and their families in the city of Minamata of Japan fell ill because they eat fish that had been contaminated with Mercury, occurred due to dumping of waste mercuric compounds into the bay by the paint and cosmetic industries surrounding it. People protested against this. The solution would be segregation of mercury at its discharge. To improve air quality, scrubbers, electrostatic precipitators which separate dust, poisonous gases at their sources like vehicles and factories.
In India generally household waste is non segregated waste i.e. mixed waste that’s collected by municipal corporation (Nagar Nigam) by providing door to door service and dumped at Trenching ground. India alone generate quite 1,00,000 metric tonnes of solid waste on a daily basis, which is on top of many countries’. Large metropolis like Mumbai and Delhi generate around 9,000 metric tonnes and eight, 300 metric tonnes of waste per day, respectively. India suffers from inefficient and insufficient waste infrastructure and also from increasing rates of solid waste generation per capita. Issues of service quality and waste quantity got to be handled together. But after “Swachh Bharat”initiative it had been seen that a lot of NGO’s ,Societies and a few Startups (Javik Vasudha Pvt. Ltd.) were continuously working on waste management i.e. educating peoples to segregate waste into two stream Dry and Wet, providing better service of collection of waste from door to door and processing waste for recycling and composting. Also they’re working with Municipal Corporation and helping in making ‘Clean India Green India’. We all generate waste and that we want the government to handle the waste generated by us. But with this mentality we cannot make our country garbage free.
Continuous effort and responsibility of every citizen to segregate waste into Dry and wet will make dream of clean India true. Also taking the examples from our own country the roads in Chennai speak about plastic segregation advantages. President of Tamil Nadu Plastics Manufacturers Association S. Ganesh said use of plastic waste is right for re-laying roads. Typically, one-km stretch of one lane will consume a tonne of plastic waste. The agency plans to possess plastic waste collected from residents to be used within the bitumen mix to re-lay roads. Plastic will amount to about 10 percent of the mix. This also proves more viable for the civic body, as 10 percent of the cost incurred on the bitumen mix would be saved. Plastic waste collected from residents would be sufficient, and is predicted to encourage them to segregate waste at source. All 200 ward offices would have facilities for collection of plastic waste from the residents and enormous shredders would be installed in locations across the town .Many stretches along 501.1-km of path roads within the city were damaged in the recent rains. Several of 17,643 interior roads were similarly affected. So the process was done.
Converting bio-wastes into compost builds stronger soil that’s more productive. Plants and products that are grown on healthier soil have a better price and need less fertilizing. Also, plants that are stronger and healthier require less insecticide and other chemical treatments to fight pathogenic fungi, bacteria, molds, viruses etc. Compost also locks up CO2 into the soil, while promoting the capture of more CO2 from the atmosphere. We need to reclaim the atmosphere by controlling the entire output of CO2 that humans produce and therefore the best way of accomplishing this is often by producing (growing) more bio matter. Many studies are done into this and have come to different conclusions, but rock bottom line is that plants and products made up of plants are often profitable and beneficial for the atmosphere. As long as people are returning used biomass into the soil, the soil will get stronger and more productive and the net effect to the atmosphere will be a reduction in atmospheric CO2. Capturing CO2 and returning it to the soil may be a good way to enhance our planet while providing people with the products that we’d like.
Hence ‘SEGREGATE AT THE SOURCE’……..