WASTE TO ENERGY : MARKET
HOW ENERGY IS PRODUCED FROM WASTE ?
‘ waste – to – energy ‘ or ‘Energy – from – waste ‘.
Energy at waste -to – energy plants and in some cases landfills is produced by garbage, also known as Municipal solid waste , which comprises of bio mass from agriculture, animal or plant waste such as waste by grass , wood ,paper leaves and leather products among others. Burning of wastes have a big hand in reducing soil pollution as it reduces the capacity of waste that would possibly be submerged in landfills . Biological machineries are anticipated to gain noteworthy market share over the forecast period.
Waste to energy finds its usage in producing heat or electricity directly by combustion. It is a process of generating energy with help of bacterial fermentation from major treatment of waste. Waste to energy is also produces combustible fuel properties such as synthetic fuels ,ethanol ,methane ,methanol.
Waste to energy is one of the main waste disposal method and is currently underutilized. This could be due to the negative connotation it has earned based on emission issues, but this is no longer a problem. The key Advantage of waste to energy is that,in addition to serving the waste management community as an efficient final disposal method ,it also contributes to the energy sector by being a source of energy ,It is even more attractive as source of renewable energy, because we have the option to make the process carbon neutral by restricting incineration to non-fossil fuel – derived waste material . From the environmental implications perspective, this carbon neutrality helps waste to energy to outperform landfilling in the waste management sector and coal or oil based energy production in the energy sector.
With growing population and ever – increasing waste flows ,waste to energy is likely to be the only practical waste disposal solution for large cities. From the sustainability point of view, waste to energy also deserves more attention in the future. Energy is the centerpiece of waste to energy nexus and in the ongoing dialog about nexus thinking. Waste also plays a key role in the same nexus as a resource that can be useful to all three elements in it : water,energy,and food . Unlike other resources, waste is a guaranteed supply source that is not expected to shrink in volume any time soon . One example that has already picked up momentum in utilizing the guaranteed supply of liquid waste is the use of treated waste water in agriculture. The use of waste to produce renewable energy using water to energy might very well be the next example qualified reach its maximum potential.
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