A country’s pride lies in its external beauty and thus the ultimate duty of each and every citizen is to keep their country clean. Every activities result in waste generation in one form or the other and managing it in the best possible way makes the environment clean, safe and attractive. Waste management is all about proper collection, segregation and disposal of the waste generated in the environment. People should reduce, reuse and recycle the waste and this is where the 3 Rs become most effective in minimization of waste. Each step involved from the generation to the disposal of waste is of great importance.
It is easy to generate waste and harm the surrounding but can be extremely hard to keep it neat and tidy. The ignorance of people towards waste management is the main reason behind each locality becoming a dump yard. India, being a developing country, there is increase in waste generation due to rapid urbanization, industrialization and population explosion.
The common effect of waste mismanagement is pollution. The dumping of household wastes, waste from construction sites and industries pollute the Earth heavily. The sewage waste and industrial waste directed to water bodies make the water lose its transparency day by day. The burning of landfills and smoke from industries result in air pollution. Animals end up feeding on the solid household waste from landfills which is extremely harmful to their lives. The open burning of wastes can be hazardous and can result in various diseases to human life.
Now the question that rises is why waste management is such an important issue. Waste management can advocate health, environmental and also economic issues. A clean environment keeps up the health of the precious lives which includes not only the human beings, but also the life on land and water. The God-gifted environment is our property to be conserved and protected. The land we live, the water we drink and the air we breathe can be easily deteriorated if no proper care is given. The land loses its natural immunity and fertility with the increase in pollution. One might wonder how can there be economic issues with respect to waste management. Sustainable development goals such as: good health, clean water and sanitation, affordable and clean energy, sustainable cities, life below water and life on land, can be ensured through proper waste management. Also clean environment can attract more foreign investments and tourists which is the main source of income for all the countries. Proper waste management can improve the standard of living as well.
Waste management is a serious issue that should be given attention to brighten up the environment and country. Creating awareness is the first step to change the mentality of each citizen towards proper waste disposal. To inculcate such a thinking, schools and colleges should organize various events to mould the young minds. People should be well aware of the importance of proper and segregated waste disposal also the health and sanitation issues caused by mismanagement. Illegal dumping of waste on streets is a common sight in our country for which immediate and proper action should be taken. Next is proper segregation of the waste from the collection point on a daily basis, also to provide public dustbins at each locality. There should be rewards for recycling to motivate people to involve in recycling. This idea has been initiated in India as a part of Swachh Bharat mission. Why should the waste be combusted instead of making the most out of it. Waste-to-energy treatment plants can be a better option where the non-recyclable waste can be combusted to produce electricity and the air is let out after proper treatment. Whereas, the segregated recyclable wastes can be given to the ones who truly depend on it for their livelihood. Landfills can be completely avoided in this way. Wastes can be the cheapest source of resources. Countries like Sweden imports waste from other countries to treat and generate electricity. It is high time for India to bring up waste-to-energy treatment plant to reduce the landfills all around the country and to make the most out of the cheapest source. Although the installation cost is high, this project can promise to bring huge profits in the future. Proper measures have to be adopted for sustainable development keeping in mind the situation of generations yet to come.
Let us all unite to clean our environment and put an end to blaming the authorities. Keeping our country clean is a big responsibility that needs to be done with commitment and dedication.