Garbage in our country is a very serious issue. We are perhaps the most populated country in the world. So naturally, we have the highest number of people living in our country. We produce the highest amount of garbage in the world. What is shocking and alarming is our country has no garbage management policy.
When the capital of our country which is supposed to be the most important city in the country appears to have no environment friendly garbage treatment plants, not to mention other cities.
The ideal things is our garbage is our responsibility. Each one of us must be responsible for our own garbage. At home we must manage our own garbage. We must separate biodegradable garbage from non-biodegradable garbage. The cities and towns must have highly advanced garbage treatment and recycling plants to preserve the beauty and purity of our environment.
Disposing of the garbage daily is a very important thing to do in our daily life.
If you are living in a city where thousands of people are moving around you, the chance of getting the diseases is very high with the accumulated garbage contents in your area.Keeping your home premises clean along with the outside areas in your home will keep your surroundings clean.Take this as responsibility and do it as a daily job.If you keep doing like this, your strong commitment and pro activeness will change the environment one day very clean.
Garbage is broadly classified into bio-degradable (that which easily disintegrates and assimilates harmlessly with the soil) and non-bio-degradable (that which does not disintegrate). The former (wet waste) would include kitchen wastes such as vegetable and fruit peels, leftover food items, non-vegetarian wastes, egg shells and the like. The latter (dry waste) will include plastics in any form, metals, batteries and glass. E-waste (unusable computer and electronic parts) is dangerous if carelessly disposed as this would cause great harm to the environment and consequently to human and animal life.
A waste basket in every room is an integral part of this garbage disposal project. In the kitchen you need to have two waste bins – one for bio-degradable waste and the other for the non bio-degradable waste. Ideally these should be colour coded. Keep a separate bin for the hazardous e-waste. Always use gloves when handling e-waste.
The bio-degradable waste needs to be cleared everyday else it will rot and decay; as normally happens when you leave town for a few days and have forgotten to clear the garbage and you know what meets you on your return. Composting you kitchen waste is the ideal thing to do if you have a small kitchen garden or a balcony garden. To know how to compost your kitchen waste, Google to find many informative sites.
Make it a habit to dispose the wet waste every day unless you plan to compost. You may use the services of the garbage collectors who come to the building on a daily basis, if this service is available, or use the waste bins provided by the Corporation in your street. But have a thought for the people who remove your trash and follow proper garbage disposal practice. You may not need to empty out the dry waste on a daily basis since their disposal is not urgent but it would make sense to do so else you will find it accumulating in the house and occupying unnecessary space which, in small apartments, becomes a problem.
One of the solutions for garbage disposal is not to have garbage but how can one do this. It cannot be totally eliminated but you can minimize it by intelligent planning and shopping. When shopping take you own grocery bag (cloth or jute) which is reusable. This will prevent plastic bags from accumulating at home. Buy stuff that has the least amount of packaging. If you have to buy 5 kg of wheat flour or rice, do not buy 1 kg packet of these instead buy the 5 kg bag. This way you will have only 1 plastic bag to dispose off rather than 5. I hope you get the idea. Use food grade plastic containers to store dry items like sugar, rice and other cereals or spices.
Clothes that are not going to be worn have a habit of cluttering up your wardrobe. Get into the habit of donating it to old age homes and orphanages, but make sure that what you donate is usable and not torn. Don’t forget the recipient is also a self-respecting person.
Lastly, be a “responsible citizen” of the country. Reduce unnecessary consumption, reuse what can be reused and recycle what can be recycled. If every one of us becomes aware of our social responsibility towards cleanliness, Swatch Bharat will not be just a dream.