For instance, people living in slums are very close to the waste disposal area. Therefore there are prone to various diseases. Hence, putting their lives in danger. In order to maintain a healthy life, proper hygiene and sanitation are necessary. Consequently, it is only possible with proper waste management.
The Meaning of Waste Management
Waste management is the managing of waste by disposal and recycling of it. Moreover, waste management needs proper techniques keeping in mind the environmental situations. For instance, there are various methods and techniques by which the waste is disposed of. Some of them are Landfills, Recycling, Composting, etc. Furthermore, these methods are much useful in disposing of the waste without causing any harm to the environment.
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Methods for Waste Management
Recycling– Above all the most important method is the recycling of waste. This method does not need any resources. Therefore this is much useful in the management of waste. Recycling is the reusing of things that are scrapped of. Moreover, recycling is further converting waste into useful resources.
Landfills– Landfills is the most common method for waste management. The garbage gets buried in large pits in the ground and then covered by the layer of mud. As a result, the garbage gets decomposed inside the pits over the years. In conclusion, in this method elimination of the odor and area taken by the waste takes place.
Composting– Composting is the converting of organic waste into fertilizers. This method increases the fertility of the soil. As a result, it is helpful in more growth in plants. Furthermore it the useful conversion of waste management that is benefiting the environment.
Advantages of Waste Management
There are various advantages of waste management. Some of them are below:
Decrease bad odor– Waste produces a lot of bad odor which is harmful to the environment. Moreover, Bad odor is responsible for various diseases in children. As a result, it hampers their growth. So waste management eliminates all these problems in an efficient way.
Reduces pollution– Waste is the major cause of environmental degradation. For instance, the waste from industries and households pollute our rivers. Therefore waste management is essential. So that the environment may not get polluted. Furthermore, it increases the hygiene of the city so that people may get a better environment to live in.
Reduces the production of waste -Recycling of the products helps in reducing waste. Furthermore, it generates new products which are again useful. Moreover, recycling reduces the use of new products. So the companies will decrease their production rate.
It generates employment– The waste management system needs workers. These workers can do various jobs from collecting to the disposing of waste. Therefore it creates opportunities for the people that do not have any job. Furthermore, this will help them in contributing to society.
Produces Energy– Many waste products can be further used to produce energy. For instance, some products can generate heat by burning. Furthermore, some organic products are useful in fertilizers. Therefore it can increase the fertility of the soil.
Garbage in our country is a very serious issue. We are perhaps the most populated country in the world. So naturally, we have the highest number of people living in our country. We produces the highest amount of garbage in the world. What is shocking and alarming is our country has no garbage management policy.
When the capital of our country which is supposed to be the most important city in the country appears to have no environment friendly garbage treatment plants, not to mention other cities.
The ideal things is our garbage is our responsibility. Each one of us must be responsible for our own garbage. At home we must manage our own garbage. We must separate biodegradable garbage from non-biodegradable garbage. The cities and towns must have highly advanced garbage treatment and recycling plants to preserve the beauty and purity of our environment.
Disposing of the garbage daily is a very important thing to do in our daily life.
If you are living in a city where thousands of people are moving around you, the chance of getting the diseases is very high with the accumulated garbage contents in your area.
Keeping your home premises clean along with the outside areas in your home will keep your surroundings clean.
Take this as responsibility and do it as a daily job.
If you keep doing like this, your strong commitment and proactiveness will change the environment one day very clean.
Garbage disposal is an important part of our daily living, especially if you are living in a city. Collection and the eventual daily disposal of accumulated home garbage are as important as having a daily bath. Swatch Bharat begins at home. Keep your home premises clean, free of litter and garbage, and you will keep your neighbourhood clean; and this can be extended to the ward, city, state and eventually the country.
Proper garbage disposal is essential in every household. If every household in an apartment complex were to proactively follow this daily routine, the entire housing complex would be clean. Now imagine, all the housing complexes in and around the area doing this: what do you see? You don’t need rocket science to visualize and understand this. Extend your imagination further to the city, state and country and you have Swatch Bharat.
As citizens of the country, let us not just dream but put these thoughts to action. Your strong commitment and proactiveness is moot: you know the old dictum ‘you can take a horse to water but you can’t make it drink’
Garbage is broadly classified into bio-degradable (that which easily disintegrates and assimilates harmlessly with the soil) and non-bio-degradable (that which does not disintegrate). The former (wet waste) would include kitchen wastes such as vegetable and fruit peels, leftover food items, non-vegetarian wastes, egg shells and the like. The latter (dry waste) will include plastics in any form, metals, batteries and glass. E-waste (unusable computer and electronic parts) is dangerous if carelessly disposed as this would cause great harm to the environment and consequently to human and animal life.
For starters, let us understand what we, as individuals, need to do in this necessary exercise. Plan your garbage collection and waste disposal method; you can devise your own but keep in mind that segregation of garbage, unlike humans, is a virtue. Garbage or waste is not only generated in the kitchen but in any living room or bathroom of the house.
A waste basket in every room is an integral part of this garbage disposal project. In the kitchen you need to have two waste bins – one for bio-degradable waste and the other for the non bio-degradable waste. Ideally these should be colour coded. Keep a separate bin for the hazardous e-waste. Always use gloves when handling e-waste.
The bio-degradable waste needs to be cleared everyday else it will rot and decay; as normally happens when you leave town for a few days and have forgotten to clear the garbage and you know what meets you on your return. Composting you kitchen waste is the ideal thing to do if you have a small kitchen garden or a balcony garden. To know how to compost your kitchen waste, Google to find many informative sites.
Make it a habit to dispose the wet waste every day unless you plan to compost. You may use the services of the garbage collectors who come to the building on a daily basis, if this service is available, or use the waste bins provided by the Corporation in your street. But have a thought for the people who remove your trash and follow proper garbage disposal practice. You may not need to empty out the dry waste on a daily basis since their disposal is not urgent but it would make sense to do so else you will find it accumulating in the house and occupying unnecessary space which, in small apartments, becomes a problem.
One of the solutions for garbage disposal is not to have garbage but how can one do this. It cannot be totally eliminated but you can minimize it by intelligent planning and shopping. When shopping take you own grocery bag (cloth or jute) which is reusable. This will prevent plastic bags from accumulating at home. Buy stuff that has the least amount of packaging. If you have to buy 5 kg of wheat flour or rice, do not buy 1 kg packet of these instead buy the 5 kg bag. This way you will have only 1 plastic bag to dispose off rather than 5. I hope you get the idea. Use food grade plastic containers to store dry items like sugar, rice and other cereals or spices.
Clothes that are not going to be worn have a habit of cluttering up your wardrobe. Get into the habit of donating it to old age homes and orphanages, but make sure that what you donate is usable and not torn. Don’t forget the recipient is also a self-respecting person.
Lastly, be a responsible citizen of the country. Reduce unnecessary consumption, reuse what can be reused and recycle what can be recycled. If every one of us becomes aware of our social responsibility towards cleanliness, Swatch Bharat will not be just a dream.