The activities which are performed in the disposal of waste where no consequence can be attributed is termed as waste management. Management of waste in such a manner that it stays away and its effects on the health of people can be reduced. In the last few years, India had been through a lot of problems regarding hygiene and sanitation where waste management has been a critical dilemma. Especially in rural sentiments, statistics say that waste management can be regarded as the best potential reason for the increase in diseases and health problems. The government had taken a lot of steps like swach Bharat , swachta pakhwara, smart city mission, WTE, etc in countering these problems. This also adds to the fact that apart from government it is also the responsibility of people like us to make this waste segregated. All these initiatives had given a lot of support in cleansing a lot of waste problems but a lot is still left to be looked upon. Some of these proposals look unconventional and are providing with more of a negative impact than that of a positive. Let us consider one of the initiative called WTE.
Waste to energy plants heavily depends upon the detonation of mixed waste and its compounds. These plants directly deal in the ignition of mixed wastes which leads to the production of strong hydrocarbons like PVC. These hydrocarbons are the reasons due to which dioxins and furans are released into the environment. Basically, these dioxins and furans are carcinogenic in nature and therefore they leave terrible consequences on the mutilation of the endocrine, immune, nervous and reproductive systems of human beings. Also, we should not miss the fact that waste to energy plants are not working as per the guidelines issued by National Green Tribunal. No compliance concerning issued instructions has been found. These all consequences are found when things are performed at an unideal level. But even at the optimal conditions the perceived results are still disastrous. In fact, the mercury vapor and lead compounds are known to be released at optimal processing which again leads to complex problems. The inefficiency of these waste to energy plants can be measured by the fact that they are not able to process and produce energy as well.
The received municipal waste content possesses very high biodegradable waste content as compared to that of other nations. But a lot of challenges still remain constant for India. The increasing race of urbanization has resulted in the hyper-consumerism analogy which is ensuing more and more waste generation. Organic farming and composting are not that economic in nature because of the fact that chemicals are heavily subsidized and compost is inefficiently marketed. Not to be missed that Municipal corporations and urban local bodies are lacking proper management of financial resources which leads to the poor collection, transportation, and proper management of solid waste. The need of the hour is that a comprehensive waste management policy should be developed which deeply focuses on the decentralized waste disposal practices and its structure. Rather than waiting or digging, biomining and bioremediation should be performed wherever they can be applied to. Smaller fractions and actions can lead to bigger results. Apart from criticizing, citizens should initiate in participating and engaging in the waste management practices from their levels.
These issues seem to be small but the fact is they harm a lot. Creating awareness about these issues will definitely help in the upliftment of people towards waste management practices. Ministry of housing and urban affairs should take this initiative in providing levels of support to municipal authorities and urban local bodies for sustainable methods. The local kabadiwalas could help in decentralizing waste management practices and this could also be beneficial for the authorities which fall under smart cities missions.