Waste is a by product of human activities which are performed for fulfilling the unending needs of human beings. It is an end result of actions to satisfy human wants. Not only India but the whole world is facing burden of mountains of waste in our planet. As there is increase in these waste accumulated in our planet it has negative impact on our economies health . Waste management is huge process starting from collection of waste from different source, classification of waste, transportation of waste to disposal sites and finally the waste is disposed .The problem arises when the amount of waste disposed is less than that the amount of waste produced by human activity.
It is true that our government has introduced many initiative for waste management but many of such programs are not much effective as expected because of the lack of cooperation and awareness by society. Proper management of waste is big and complicated process which cannot be alone accomplished by government officials who are sitting far away from us . We should not step back from fulfilling our responsibility, we should understand that word responsibility have a deeper meaning , it doesn’t alone mean to care and fulfill our personal and family needs. It also mean to understand and fulfill our duty towards nature and society .As its said “Charity begins from home” firstly we have to take care of the waste produced from our home, proper segregation of waste make the whole process of waste management easy and more effective. Classification of waste from the source where it is produced is called as segregation of waste. Waste can be classified on different basis.
Waste classified on the basis of its physical appearance are solid waste, liquid waste gaseous waste. solid waste produced in houses includes ,peels and remains of eatables which need to separated from plastic and hazardous waste like used mobile phone and its battery etc. Proper treatment of household waste can make the whole process of waste management simple and it can benefit us economically, organic waste produced in our house like peels and remaining of fruits vegetables ,green waste ,can be used in many ways, it can be used as manure for crops and it will increases the quality of production .Organic waste like food waste , plant waste ,agriculture and municipal waste can be used for creation of biogas with the help of biogas plant. This gas produced is a eco-friendly gas and it can be used as a fuel for cooking . Additionally the process of biogas production generates organic fertilizers.
As a responsible individual we should not step back from giving proper waste treatment. 3R is a important principle of waste management ,it means Reduce, Reuse and Recycle. Reducing means decreasing the amount of waste produced by us, reduction of waste produced by can be done by reuse and recycling. Reuse means repeated usage of products until its fully employed, recycling is a way of converting waste into raw materials so that it can be used to its full potential, it helps in decreased demand of raw material for manufacturing of new product, thus it reduce cost of manufacturing which is a economical benefit. We should take the initiative of waste management in our surrounding and it can make a huge difference in our society. Garbage should be properly disposed , dumping of waste in road sides and open areas should be strictly avoided. Unattended and improper waste management have a negative impact on environment and our health, it leads to air pollution and respiratory diseases, Waste that re dumbed in running waster and ocean tends to have a toxic substance which soaks in oceanic oxygen and puts life of aquatic animal at stake, and this chemical enter in food chain as we consume it and it effect our health
Even though there are lot of things that can be done by us for proper treatment of waste we are lazy to do so, because we think that waste management is non of our concern and responsibility . But it is wrong and immoral thinking , at least management of waste produced by us should be our matter of concern. There are many small things we can and we should do to fulfill our social responsibility. Lets look into a small example suppose our pen run out of ink , we will buy another pen without a second thought , there is another alternative of buying a refill and using it with old pens body and this would reduce the amount of plastic waste produced by us. Further the process of waste management create employment opportunity to many peoples them economically.
Waste minimization is the simplest method of waste management and helps in creating less amount of waste, the declination of waste should be performed by every individual to complete the responsibility of waste management. It can be performed by decreasing waste formation and reprocessing and recycling the old resource. Decreasing the usage of plastic ,paper is an essential. This individual contribution have a straight influence on the system of waste management. Usage of plastic should preferably avoided because there is no natural process of degradation of plastic and every gram of plastic that has ever produced is still present is land or ocean . As once said by our Mahatma Gandhi “BE THE CHANGE YOU WISH TO SEE IN THE WORLD ” we all should convert our words to action and manage at least the waste produced by us. Managing waste produced by us is not a help that we are performing it our responsibility to do that.