Essay Topic: My Waste, My Responsibility
Every Sunday, Samadhan a 10 year old boy used to accompany his mother to buy vegetables from the weekly market. That day they reached the market place late , as many vendors were packing up their things. His mother started to look for the best vegetables. While Samadhan was busy observing the leftover vegetables which were good in quality but still were lying on the market floor as dead. Later, he saw the sweepers throwing them in the dustbins and driving them away. While returning from the market he saw a rag picker separating the waste. He was puzzled by the rag pickers action?
To clear his confusion lets peep into this essay and learn the waste , its management and our duty regarding the waste disposal. So what exactly is waste? Basically, it is the remaining parts of the things which we use and is currently unusable for us in the same form. Also it means the carelessly utilisation of the available resources which later takes the avatar of litter and garbage. Contrary, the waste management mean to carefully handling the collected waste, segregating into different categories as well as reusing the recyclable products from it. Certainly it contradicts with waste, i.e. to use the leftovers to benefit oneself as well as the environment on a large scale.
Do you ever wonder where do our waste from the dustbins end up? Yes, you might have heard or read about landfills, open dumps and sanitary landfills. The rag pickers as mentioned before collecting the garbage from the public and private places and separate it into two main forms that are dry waste and wet waste. What are these? The dry waste is the products which do not get easily decomposed and can recycle. Whereas the wet waste is the leftover things which get easily decomposed and are not able to recycle. But the question arises is the garbage belongs to every individual then can’t they also become responsible towards their waste. The prime source of the waste is our homes. It is advised to segregate the waste into the above two forms. But do we really follow it?
Very few percent of our population segregate the waste we throw. Its better to the support waste management process because mixing the both types of waste damages the dry waste too. Due to which it is difficult to recycle the dry waste. The other way to dispose the wet waste from the kitchen is to decompose the waste. Instead of buying fertilisers for your kitchen garden, we should use the manure formed by decomposing the wet waste. We can start an initiative to decompose all our kitchen waste in few simple steps:
• Taking any recyclable jar, bucket or hollow utensil
• Feeling ¼ of the container with soil
• Adding the kitchen waste
• Covering the layer by another layer of soil
• Sprinkle some water and leaving it for 12-15 days
In this way, you can get high quality manure for your garden which is free of cost. And in a way you’ll become responsible about your waste.
But what about the dry waste we throw? In case of plastic products we should go for the one which are able to recycle. Usage of decomposable products is referred. We should be responsible while purchasing new gadgets because when we throw away the old gadgets they cause a lot of harm to our nature. As they are termed as e-waste or electronic waste. These waste include hazardous materials like lead, mercury, arsenic and cadmium like products which are dangerous for humans as well as entire ecosystem. Thus, its important to remember the after effects of our waste. Also its required to live a sustainable life.
Today, in this modern era we are in the race of technological expertise. Everyone desires to buy cool gadgets, cars and other products. The cars we drive use fossil fuels like petrol and diesel which burn and result into emission of CO2 which is an GHG(Green House Gas). The cooler and refrigerators we use releasing HFCs(Hydrofluorocarbons) which depletes our ozone layer. Also due to different human activities like industries, cars, usage of aerosols products and other products also increases GHGs like NO2, CO2, CH4 and other which result in internal warming. And hence are the initiators of climate change. Thus, we can say the overusing of such products also leads to waste which is uncontrollable and causes undefined harm to ourselves and our entire environment.
Today plastic waste has become a big problem. And the only ways to mitigate is by following 3Rs REUSE, RECYCLE AND REDUCE. Governments should ban the single-use plastic completely. Law should be enacted to curb the plastic waste. Also the big industries who support single use plastic should be fined. But what about the plastic which already exists? Plastic is widely used for road construction ,where it is burned. This creates tar which helps the road construction. But in this process the CO2 gas is released , thus create “waste in a waste”. In Netherlands the plastic waste is used for road construction after treating the waste first. Such roads are more lifeline than the traditional roads. Also there is an initiative called Bottle Brick where the plastic bottles are filled with litter or non decomposable things. This bricks are useful for building stairs, walls and many more. This is a best way to utilise the waste from plastic.
Indian government started the initiative of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan in 2014. The aim is to eliminate open defecation and reduce the solid waste and support waste management. Private sectors should also participate in the fight against waste. On an international level, the governments of different nations have signed the BASAL AGREEMENT to dispose the hazardous materials under United Nations. Governments should initiate waste management awareness drives.
Hence, Samadhan got his samadhan(solution) for his quest related to waste and waste management. Also he became aware about his waste and became more responsible about it. Thus, its now our time to look into this issue , because its seems minor but it is not. Lets come together while becoming responsible and spread awareness about the waste management.