Ramala and her father watching news channel it’s shows that “removing of plastic straw from a sea turtle’s nostril”.Ramala towards her dad “without the knowledge the animals can eat plastics then why we till used plastics in our daily life dad? “. Ok let see about plastics pessimitics and worthwhile.
Leo Baekland invented the first fully synthetic plastic it’s all start here. Plastic because of its non-biodegradable nature presists into environment for 10-1000 years or can be even more. If the plastic is landfill for long term, rain water penetration could be blocked and the soil is polluted. If the plastic is burned it releases polychlorinate biphenyl (PCB), hydrochloric acid, sulphuric acid, dioxin it causes respiratory aliments and stress in human immune systems. The plastic is burnt or thrown away anyhow plastic waste is a antagonist to our environment. When plastic was introduced people used to say “Use plastic and save trees” but now became major threat to our ecosystem. According to Ministry of environment 9.46 million tonnes of plastic waste annually, 40% remains uncollected. India is the 15th biggest plastic polluter globally. On the survey of Plastic Waste Management Rules (2016)- 26000 of plastic generated per day, out of which 9000 tonnes is collected and 6000 tonnes is remains not collected. Different types of plastic are there, in which most dangerous plastic type is Polyvinyl Chloride/PVC and dangerous chemical is Bisphenol-A/ BPA, Phathalates. In other side plastic is stick with us, in medical field plastic used widely for manufacturing numerous disposal equipments injection, blood bags, heart valve closure, surgical gloves, syringes, insulin pens are created for one time use and it’s help to prevent spread of dangerous disease by eliminating the past form of sterilize and re-use technology. In Corona Pandemic 27 year old Desai environmental activist from Gujarat got an idea to making a bricks from tons of discarded PPE/Personal Productive Equipment. PPE is often made of Polypropylene plastic, a synthetic resign that can take hundreds of years to decade. The discarded PPE polluted the land can be prevented because of this method. Recent studies shows that 91% of plastic are not recycled, only 9% are recycled in India. Plastic recycling number 2,4,5 are safe and 1,3,6,7 are to be avoided. Government took more initiatives to reduce the plastic usages, recycle, and reuse of plastics. Prime Minister Narendra Modi addressed on October 2 in front of Sabarmati river ” India would phase out single use of plastic by 2022″. Single use of plastic means it can be used only once before it is either thrown away or recycled and it is a disposable material plastic bag, water bottle, etc. Recent decades our ecosystem most polluted with plastic waste. Innovative plastic recycled projects at Karnataka first eco-friendly recycled plastic house constructed within 10-15 days for that 1500kg of plastic used . And at Tamil Nadu, Thoothukudi corporation using discarded drinking bottles construct a public restroom. In this way discarded plastics pollutes our surrounding can be avoided. We can also use eco-friendly alternatives for plastic making Bioplastic(PLA/CPLA) made from corn, sea water bubbles, mushroom root, etc. Some of the innovations are alternative for plastics, 2010 batch IFS officer Prasada Rao in Tripura attempt to eliminate plastic used for broom handle almost 40,000 metric tonnes of plastic used for broom handles. So that Prasada Rao and his team have replaced plastic with bamboo for broom handles. His small initiative helps tribal communities for their upliftment and environment at the same time. And recently IFS officer Praveen Kaswan of his unique personal visiting card that if planted it yield a herb. Most of the visiting cards are made from PVC plastic and have a thickness of 760 microns. Praveen Kaswan idea of making visiting card, keep away from usage of plastic. The above initiatives also raising awareness among the public of the harm caused by the plastic. Swatchh Bharat Mission is a key advantage to the way forward for plastic free India. “Fresh air , Plastic free world and the green earth – my great expectations. How can be fulfilled now? ” . Surely not now but can be in future. All nature lovers dream ‘ The plastic free globe’ let’s all join a hands we make that one.