Every fairest things in the world once loses its usability by the shake of the time . Then it becomes useless to human beings. When these useless items causes harm to the human health and environment , then they are known as waste . In this twenty first (21th) century , waste is the biggest enemy of us . Plastic is one of them. Today plastic waste has spread out all over hydrosphere , land sphere even the atmosphere with its rapid and unstoppable growth . If we don’t take any action against this plastic waste , then it will make a great trouble to human civilization very soon.
Plastic is a non bio-degradable , polymeric chemical element. Who could imagine in 1907 when Leo Bakeland invented the first plastic mistakenly that it would be an essential part of our daily lives. According to the expert’s report, more than 300 millions tonnes of plastic is being producing in the world every year. With the largest population , China produces the largest quantity of plastic at nearly 60 million tonnes every year. Even in India more than 5.6 million tonnes of plastic is being producing every year . Reasons behind producing lot of plastic is its unlimited usage and availability in the market . Being very cheap, light and water proof , it is used widely for making cups , plates , carry bags and many such useful items . From morning awake to night bed, plastic becomes our essential part of every time. From tooth brush to chair-table, pen to computer , water bottle to carry bags, babies toy to wire insulator, we can see uses of plastic almost everywhere . We can hardly lives now a days without using plastic. But the problem is plastic waste. Because most of these products are used only for one time . Very few people Use single use plastic items agin . Because of this, Use of plastic and plastic waste both are increasing day by day. The use of such plastic products causes a great damage to the human health and environment. Though plastic is one type of organic compound but it never mixed with soil. If we dump plastic waste it absorbs the fertility of soil . If plastic is burnt in open air, many poisonous gases polluted the air. If we throw it in water it resist the flow of water . Babies like to cover their faces with light polythene bags. This play has make millions of mother’s laps vacant. According to global report more than one millions of animals in the ocean and forest including birds, tortoise,fish etc are affected by the plastic every year. If we calculate then we can see that the net mass of plastic presence in the world is almost equal to 2/3of the net mass of human beings. More than 8 million tonnes plastic has been found in the ocean only . Recently a lot of plastic is found in Antarctica . Scientists are more anxiety about it. Today plastic waste has made the life on earth miserable . Considering the harmful affects of plastic on people and environment many countries has decided to ban many plastic products . China , Bangladesh , Italy , Congo , Kenya are some of them . Even many states of India decided to ban single use plastic water bottles in public place . Himachal Pradesh is the 1st state of India that banned many plastic products . In 2019, 25 states in India banned single use plastic carry bags .
But is ‘Ban Plastic’ is the only solution to fight against plastic waste ? No! Because about one trillion single use plastic bags are used annually across the globe. Even more than half a billion plastic straws are used everyday all over the world. We can’t stop easily use of plastic. So its clear that ‘Ban Plastic’ is not the parmanent solution. From these purpose, experts say about reuse of plastic waste. Many countries has shown that waste can be transformed into wealth. With the help of technology we can make many different items from useless plastic garbage . There is no need to produce new plastic, we can make our desire items from those plastic that already used. These process is called recycling of plastic. There are many such useful ways of making wealth from plastic waste . Firstly, Using ‘3R process ‘ we can control the plastic waste. These ‘3R ‘ are ‘Reuse’, ‘Reduction’ and ‘Recyclining’. We can use plastic carry bags ,water bottle etc more than one time. By this way we can ‘Reuse’ plastic items. With the process ‘Reduction’ we can reduce the amount of single use plastic. We can also make millions of products with the help of ‘Recyclining ‘. Secondly , many of us don’t know that we can produce energy from plastic waste. We can get 22 kWh energy from 1 kg of plastic . Now a days, This is the most important usage of plastic waste . Because we can reduce the use of petrol , diesel and coal for making energy for vehicles, industries etc . Thirdly , Plastic waste can be used to make beautiful tiles ,cover of the floor of our house, avoiding cement , stone and wood. Fourthly , according to researchers ,
chemicall composition of plastic can be used for making fertilizer for plants . Last but not the least , plastic waste can be used to dump useless land where we can make roads , industrialisation and urbanization .
Following the above mentioned process many developed countries has shown that waste can be transformed into wealth . According to report , Germany is the largest country to recycle the plastic . Almost 60% of plastic has been recycled in 2019 in Germany. Even in India more than 50 % plastic is being recycling from 2015 . This statistics has proved that today plastic is not only waste, but it also count as a precious wealth. We need more awareness about right use of plastic in our society as well as the entire world . And it is obvious that only awareness is not enough to transform plastic , from waste to wealth . Right initiative and infrastructure are the key points
to make this great industry sucessful . Though India is a developing country , but the great sucess of our initiative should show the right way to the entire world . Plastic will live with us not as a destroyer of world , he will live with us as a faithful helpmate of human beings .