PLASTIC:From WASTE to WEALTH
Plastics an incredible invention , once made our life ease has now turned to be a menace to our environment. Due to it’s non decompsing factor, plastics are now a burning topic in today’s world. But without pointing only it’s negative effects, people should consider some innovative ideas to turn this bane to boon.
Impacts of plastic pollution
Plastic pollution is the most widespread problem affecting the marine environment. It also threatens ocean health, food safety and quality, human health, coastal tourism, and contributes to climate change.Often this includes killing plant life and posing dangers to local animals. Plastic is an incredibly useful material, but it is also made from toxic compounds known to cause illness, and since it is meant for durability, it is not biodegradable.
How did this happen?
Plastics made from fossil fuels are just over a century old. Production and development of thousands of new plastic products accelerated after World War II, so transforming the modern age that life without plastics would be unrecognizable today. Plastics revolutionized medicine with life-saving devices, made space travel possible, lightened cars and jets—saving fuel and pollution—and saved lives with helmets, incubators, and equipment for clean drinking water.The conveniences plastics offer, however, led to a throw-away culture that reveals the material’s dark side: today, single-use plastics account for 40 percent of the plastic produced every year. Many of these products, such as plastic bags and food wrappers, have a lifespan of mere minutes to hours, yet they may persist in the environment for hundreds of years.
By 2050, it is predicted that there will be more plastic than fish in the oceans. 90% of bottled water and 70% – 90% of tap water contains plastic fibers.15% of the sand is actually grains of microplastic on some beaches in Hawaii. Sea animals and birds ingest plastic, leading them to die. Around 600 species are believed to be affected, and 90% of the world’s seabirds have fragments of plastic in their stomachs, compared to 5% in 1960.
Waste to wealth
Over the years, several waste to wealth mechanisms have been adopted to recycle and reuse plastic in innovative ways. One such trend has been the conversion of plastic waste to fuel and making it usable for both domestic and industrial purposes. Plastics are also used for making tiles, building houses, constructing roads, fabrics, extracting oil and so on. These ideas should be taken into consideration by all nations to create a plastic safe community.
Governments should ban production of non-recyclable plastic and also the manufacture of products that use them.Extensive research must take place in finding better methods of disposing non-recyclable plastic.In conclusion, everyone of us know that plastic is here to stay. But how we let it stay is left to us. Let us make better use of what nature has given us.