Plastic: From Waste to Wealth
Waste is the junk material we dispose of from kitchens, rest of the houses, offices, laboratories manufacturing units and industrial processes. Waste can be in solid or fluid or wet solid or even gaseous form. Garbage is normally thrown at the nearest dumping yard. Often it creates trouble in countries like India, as the garbage management is not very well implemented yet. In many advanced countries, it is well implemented systematically.
One method to deal with garbage is to destroy and decompose it chemically. This is not always practical and economical. It results in burning fuel, pollution and global warming. Another method to deal with garbage is to dump it in a junkyard far away from residential areas. However, the space is used and people living nearby may object to it.
Another possibility is to use technologies to implement Reduce, Recycle, Reuse (RRR) methods that suits each type of garbage. This option is good because we get rid of waste while making a use of it. We also generate employment and wealth in terms of money.
The process is to collect each type of garbage in a different garbage bin. So garbage management methods will be different for different paper, glass bottles, rubber, plastic, organic waste from kitchen etc. They can be processed and the material can be recycled by a manufacturing plant. Paper and related materials can be recycled to make cartons or such objects. Organic waste can be used for generation of biogas.