The world is full of plastics. Whether you realize it or not, practically everything you see and use on a daily basis is entirely or partly plastic material. Your television, computer, car, house, refrigerator, and many other essential products utilize plastic materials to make your life easier and more straightforward. However, all plastics are not made alike. Manufacturers utilize a variety of different plastic materials and compounds that each possess unique properties.
The development of plastics started with the use of natural materials that had intrinsic plastic properties, such as shellac and chewing gum. The next step in the evolution of plastics involved the chemical modification of natural materials such as rubber, nitrocellulose, collagen and galalite.
Plastics are a wide range of synthetic or semi-synthetic organic compounds that are malleable and so can be molded into solid objects.Plastic is a very convenient and useful material in our day-to-day life and daily chores. It is used widely by people all across the globe owing to its versatile uses.
Plastic pollution is the most widespread problem affecting the marine environment. It also threatens ocean health, food safety and quality, human health, coastal tourism, and contributes to climate change.Plastic sticks around in the environment for ages, threatening wildlife and spreading toxins. Plastic also contributes to global warming. Almost all plastics are made from chemicals that come from the production of planet-warming fuels.
Now a days “degradable plastics” are also available. Biodegradable plastics have the ability to be degraded by microorganisms present in the environment by entering the microbial food chain.Some biodegradable plastics available in the market are:
Starch-based plastics, Bacteria-based plastics, Soy-based plastics, Cellulose-based plastics, Lignin-based plastics and
Natural fibers reinforcement plastic. Among the bacteria, Pseudomonas and Moraxella sp. were found most active in degrading 20.54% of polythene, and 8.16 % of plastics in one-month period.
“Get Plastic Out of Your Life”