Plastic: From Waste to Wealth
Waste is the junk material we dispose of from kitchens, rest of the houses, offices, laboratories manufacturing units and industrial processes. Waste can be in solid or fluid or wet solid or even gaseous form. Garbage is normally thrown at the nearest dumping yard. Often it creates trouble in countries like India, as the garbage management is not very well implemented yet. In many advanced countries, it is well implemented systematically. Urban and rural areas of India produce so much garbage daily and suffering by many types of pollutions which are increasing very fast in terms of area and environment. Most of households of urban area are not using dustbin or not getting facilities to put their domestic garbage and they through on the road and way. This activity is change into bad habit because of lack of facilities and knowledge.
In these days people are using plastics and it is become a part of a life, which produce the chemical poisons. Many hazardous wastes in urban comes from industries and factories also which are the release so many harmful chemical but another side we have recycle units are converting in the useful elements. In the rural area farmers are also involve to use the chemical fertilizers so land is becoming unproductive land. Another thing plastic products are also dominating in the rural area and cause of degrading land and rural cattle also are eating this that’s why cattle’s death happening in the rural area.
In the cities, households are wasting food and plastics and throw on the road and some places and, in the colonies, and real-states colonies households don’t have option to separate their domestic garbage so they use to put in one plastic bag and put on municipal-party garbage-bin. Reducing, reusing, recycling and recovering of waste behaviour can make changes our environment. Through this concept it may treating and safely disposing of waste and it is possible to prevent the pollution and ecological degradation.
Composting– Composting is the converting of organic waste into fertilizers. This method increases the fertility of the soil. As a result, it is helpful in more growth in plants. Furthermore, it the useful conversion of waste management that is benefiting the environment. Food waste should not be waste which can be converting into compost and vermi-compost, and farmers can get bio-fertilizers or manure with low price and collaboration with recycler industries, rag-pickers can get good amount and better living standard.
Only households are not responsible to create problem even school, college’s mess or canteen, restaurants, hotels, offices and theatres and mandies or markets, these are the things direct throw the garbage outsides. Mostly garbage goes to drainage and dumps the drains which become a cause to create odour and mosquitoes etc. and drainage goes to some water resources and through the harmful chemicals. Harmful chemicals reach to cultivated field through supply channel of water resources and also animals are affecting to drink and human.
Plantation – It is necessary to ensure the protection of the environment through the effective waste management. In these days urbanization is happening very fast so which is cause of deforestation. So as well as organic farming and soil rehabilitation, urban and rural area will get plantation facilities which will help to make green and good environment. It may possible to get financial strength by fruit plant and plantation on the side of road will provide the shade to passer. In the rural area people could get fuel for food and could also earn from it.
Reduces pollution – Waste is the major cause of environmental degradation. For instance, the waste from industries and households pollute our rivers. Therefore, waste management is essential. So that the environment may not get polluted. Furthermore, it increases the hygiene of the city so that people may get a better environment to live in.
There is some difficulty at the moment, in this way of using waste as a raw material. People throw all junk everywhere. It is difficult to sort and separate the useful materials from others. Also, certain materials may not be present in sufficient quantities for the manufacturing units to use them as raw materials on a regular basis.
However, in future, advancements in sciences and technologies can give us good hope for converting a major part of waste into wealth.
Nothing is waste until you make it waste.
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