“Ek kadam swachhata ki aur”
As the slogan indicates to take a step towards cleanliness. Government of India has taken an initiative in Waste Management and has been succeeded in doing it.
Waste is a natural life phenomena. Human in day to day life create a boundless heap of waste of countless variety. Industrialization and development leads to high demand of goods and things and thus these cause the generation of waste. Proper waste management is necessary otherwise it can create bigger environmental problems like air pollution, water pollution , soil pollution, ground water pollution. It can cause adverse effect on animals health as well as humans health. Waste is spread everywhere it depends on us how we manage it.
In India approximately 100 million tonnes waste is produced about 15,342 tonnes of plastic waste are generated in India everyday of which 6,137 tonnes remain uncollected and littered, 9,205 tonnes are recycled. Plastic has become a very important part of human life. It is used in carry bags , bottles, toys, chairs, cellphone, automobiles , refrigerator, pipes, rappers, etc. Plastic is a non- biodegradable material , even when shredded into small pieces, it lasts for thousand years . If not handled properly plastic can cause a lot of problems. Many non- biodegradable and not- recyclable waste are incinerated or filled in landfills.
” As the plants need water
As the wheels need spike
In the same way our country
needs to get rid of this waste to go ahead.”
Effective management of waste is now a national priority as seen through the Swachh Bharat Mission. Waste has become a menace which not only spoils the asthetics but is also hazardous to health and nature . One has to find a way for effective management of waste and convert it into a valuable resource. This process of conversion of waste to some useful object can be called as “Waste to Wealth”.
Turning plastic waste to wealth is a challenging task. Plastic is used almost everywhere in every feild. Plastic is used in large amount in our country and its disposing is also tough due to chemical content in it. For plastic waste management , first we should keep the 3Rs in mind, Reduce, Reuse & Recycle . We should use an alternative of plastic whenever there is no obligation of using the plastic. Generation of less waste, reuse of the consumable thing, recycling of the waste can help conserve valuable natural resources and energy and also decreases the environmental pollution. Our government has also adopted rules and measures to reduce the use of plastic. We can also recycle the plastic to make it useable again. Recycling reduces the burden of environment. With coming new technologies plastic waste can also be used as a by-product in other things. Nowadays plastic can be use with bitumen. Shredded plastic is used in building roads which can withstand more wear and tear. These roads offer greater resistance to inclement weather. It also reduces the cost. One kilometre stretch of road can use up to one tone of plastic and save up to Rs 10,000 per stretch. Plastic can also be used as fuel , waste plastic can be converted into furnace oil and LPG.
In future also, with new inventions and discoveries we will change the Waste to Wealth. With sustainable development approach we can conserve the valuable resources of the nature and also lower the environmental damage due to socio-economic development. Waste Management can also emerge as a major sector for employment .
Save the things or waste the things, it’s in our hands. We just have to remember the motto ,” Waste to Wealth, Waste to Energy”.