what is produced in billion of metric tons but made useful in a small fraction? Any guess….it’s waste.
This is because we tend to see waste as ‘waste’ but this ignored waste can be used for building the wealth of a nation through proper waste management.
But the subject of waste management is not much relevant in our country as it should be.
This is a major problem in India, because urban and rural areas of our nation produce immense amount of garbage daily; especially our national capital Delhi is notorious in this field. Delhi produces around 8000 metric tons per day of garbage everyday.
Majority of people in urban India do not use dustbin or are not getting facilities to put their domestic garbage and hence they throw it on the road side, open areas etc. But in rural areas this is happening due to less knowledge and low income of the people living there.
In rural areas farmers are also involved in using chemical fertilizers for agricultural activities , this destroys the soil fertility of the land and hence makes it unproductive. This use of chemical fertilizers, pesticides, weedicides and other substances leads to the corruption of ground water table. A good number of Cattles, other livestock, and birds die due to the consumption of littered plastic especially in rural areas.
Not only household but all the business organizations, government offices and all the other institutions on the planet contribute to the production of waste. Non proper waste management leads to health issues among humans and animals alike. Especially plastic particle waste and other waste dumped by factories and industries can cause genetic disorders. It can also lead to acute and chronic diseases.
We need to stop all these unscientific and unethical methods and practices in order to protect our health and hence the well being of the society.
Till now we have discussed about waste; its cause and consequences. Now let us discuss how our nation or society can obtain the gem from the garbage….
It would be a much easier to dispose biodegradable waste as compared to others because it can be converted into compost or can be used for making bio-gas.
BUT in the case of plastic its a different story as it is made of chemicals and hence it is difficult to dispose it….and so we need proper waste management systems especially for plastic in order to convert it to wealth.
A collaboration must be created between rag pickers and and recyclers, so that the rag pickers get better amounts for their work and improve their standards of living. Due to this public place and productive land will be cleaned from waste and secured from contaminations.
Improve government intervention; waste management in India fall under the preview of the
Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC). Many state governments have initiated many schemes and policies to control pollution and garbage.
The government should provide funds and supports for the development of waste management enterprises.
The students or startup entrepreneur should be given awareness about the size of this waste market, its growth and potential;
For example:- internationally acclaimed brands like Nike and Adidas have realized the potential of this sector and have started their journey into this sector by introducing their shoes made of recycled plastics.
plastic can be converted into liquid fuel, energy, paper ,paint etc. For this to be achieved proper knowledge must be given.
From the above we can conclude that we can make money or employment from waste for unemployed poor people. These are the outcomes:-
*helps establish waste collection centres in urban and rural areas.
*helps in changing the behaviour of the people.
*helps in soil rehabilitation.
*helps to create plantations with collaboration of recycle industrial industrialist and different share
The solution to this so called ‘waste’ can be helpful for cities and nation alike, and it can also contribute to the creation of multi-million or billion dollar industries.
Remember that it is estimated by 2025, the waste management market size in India is estimated to be worth approximately worth around USD 15 Billion with annual growth rate of 7 percent.
Such a humongous market with such high potential !!!!