Waste to wealth is something if we hear ,for a while it feels to me like our PM’s statement Of Converting ‘Disaster into opportunity’ isn’t it? I as a vet students , I’m someone who love animals so much and so I love nature too . And all of us we know very well that plastic is itself the biggest enemy of this pure mother nature in present scenario ( Which is the biggest gift of God for mankind ) , I have started thinking much about this when last year , I was in college in Patna, and the city was flooded ,water levels were continuously rising. Water was not at all ,able to ship in the ground and the reason was as usual – “plastic” . As a result Government of Bihar banned plastic . Even though people was using it , because in our daily life; plastic have took an inseparable part – the fact we can’t deny . So always when my mind was thinking options for shortening this problem. Personally , I was very much sure that- this problem can’t be fixed by banning it .Because in our daily life , in one or the other manner as a wrapper, package and cover etc . for most of the products we are using it. So the problem can only be fix by making best use of it. Under this tittle’ Plastic waste to wealth ‘. I’ll try to point out some of my ideas , best of my knowledge. And As a science student I will also try to explain it scientifically as well how the things get done(process ) . Some of best ideas and practices for turning plastic from waste to wealth are as follows which are explained further:-
- Plastic waste to electricity
- Plastic waste to fuel
- Plastic waste to bricks
- Plastic waste can be used in building roads to increase their water repellent capacity
- Plastic waste to tiles
- Plastic waste to toys ( by recycling)
- Plastic waste to some useful products like – photo frame , slippers sole ,shoe sole and some accessories like this
- Plastic waste to polyester
- Plastic waste can be again recycled for making polyethylene used generally for various purposes ( but this uses should be minimised)
- Plastic waste to pellets ( generally used for making plastic bag and bottles)
- Plastic waste to crafts and some structures in garden or park like Rock garden in Chandigarh
Plastic waste to electricity : Scientists from Singapore discovered environment friendly manner to turn plastic into renewable energy i.e Formic acid ( chemical used to generate electricity in power plant and electric cars
Process – Researchers used vanadium ( a cheap and environment friendly metal and a steel alloy for vehicles ) as a catalyst dissolve in a solution containing plastic and exposed to artificial sunlight, breaking down the bonds of carbon inside plastic and turning the non biodegradable material into formic acid .
Plastic waste to fuel: we know very well that plastic are hydrocarbon ,made from petroleum and so they can be again converted into liquid fuel by pyrolysis ( heating plastic at High temperature with steam so syngas is produced which is commonly used as fuel)
Plastic waste to Bricks: Using super- heated water ,the plastic is then simply compressed and shaped into durable bricks. These bricks required no adhesive for use and non toxic production produces 95% lower greenhouse gas emission compared to concrete blocks and have very high thermal and acoustic insulation. According to me this is one of the best use of plastic as because with the increasing population ,the construction of buildings , houses are increasing exponentially and these bricks preparations require lesser emissions of greenhouse gases than concrete blocks so we have advantages in both manner here we can use this waste into constructive way as well as protecting our nature from harmful greenhouse gases .
Plastic waste to Roads : This was initiated in Bangalore , where the students from engineering colleges discovered that using plastic with bitumen enhancing the water repellent nature of bitumen .
Process : once all the plastic waste is shredded ( dust particles are removed and turning into fine particles) heated to 165°c and fine particles at 165 degree Celsius added to bitumen mixture which is also heated at 160 degree Celsius and final mixture is used for construction of roads and this mixture enhances the road life to 5 times
Plastic waste to Tiles : waste plastic can be converted into beautiful tiles. Here we have an example of Delhi based Shayna eco unified India Pvt Ltd has been using plastic waste to make colourful floor tiles. This company have used 340 tons of waste plastic to convert into 11 lacs colourful tiles. We need to boost such start-ups and encourage by buying their products.
Plastic waste to products: we can change plastic waste into sole of slippers shoes and many accessories like photo frames etc
Process – Selected plastic waste is grinded into flakes ,placed into a mold and melted once it is in a plasma state ; pressure is then applied on it to produce the raw material for construction of products
Plastic to polyester as we all know that polyester is used in most of sportswear and it is a well known fabric . And plastic can be used to convert into polyester
Process- Shorted plastics are crussed ,separate and dry by shredding the material into small fragments that contain residue of the original content shredded proper levels and plastic caps as a result pure PET fragments are produced. It is used as raw material for polyester fabric making.
Plastic waste to wealth is a challenge as well as for thinkers ,It’s like an opportunity . Should come with our thoughts, ideas and knowledge to do use best of it . To see any problem as challenge, any waste as wealth, and any disaster into opportunity because for everything; what we can do is to use it or to waste it . So take it as a challenge , should generate opportunity in difficult situation should always be ready to solve some very difficult problem because nowadays in this pandemic scenario where whole world is facing some Problems ,which should be taken as challenges . similarly plastic waste can also be used to make wealth out of it. I have enlisted some ideas above best of my knowledge and thoughts to overcome this challenge even alot more can be done, by our continuous thinking for improvements and making people aware about the Recycling and reuse of various plastic waste .To Makes our mother earth a beautiful , natural place forever and for everyone i.e all flora and fauna to survive with equal fair environment in this ecosystem made by nature should not be human-made environment only out of our profit ( a greater aspect of out topic which will be byproduct if we work on plastic waste certainly we will be doing something great for nature , for animals – alot cases as a vet students I have heard our animals dying due of eating plastic many cattles have losts their lives .)
Plastic waste can be converted into various useful things it can create wealth as well as working on it can also makes our mother earth healthy 💪💯 and a more beautiful place to live in.