Plastic : From Waste To Wealth
Not every day you hear of a municipal landfill that attracts tourists. But in Vengurla taluka, half a mile from India’s tourist destination in Goa, is not just a clear beach.
In 2017 to date, the municipal landfill, where every piece of rubbish is reused, has received 7,000 visitors. They are visiting to see how the small municipality recycle 7 tons of rubbish generated each day and transform their community. It receives hot money, which is returned to municipal services.
In 2015, under the watchful eye of Ramdas Kokare, a senior official in the Vengurla municipality, the village began a process of changing the way it handles waste. The municipal council has started sorting garbage from the well. Plastic bags were banned, and door-to-door campaigns urged households to begin sorting their garbage and teaching them how to do it. Today, two years later, all 3,000 households sort waste into up to four different bins. Municipal collectors pick up rubbish six days a week and take it to the municipal waste disposal site.
One of the machines powered by biogas is a plastic milling machine, provided by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP). The machine grinds up to 180 kg of clear plastic daily. This waste plastic has been a blessing in disguise. When used with bitumen, plastic sheeting is effective in helping to build solid roads. Plastic binds together better, ensuring that the roads are more resistant to old age and tear. These roads offer greater resistance to adverse weather conditions, and reduce costs. A mile away can use up to 1 ton of plastic or 1 million bags, and save INR 10,000 for each distance. Two years later, Vengurla has 12 km of “plastic” roads and receives INR 15 per kg of plastic sold to contractors to build roads in nearby areas.
Almost every other type of waste is recycled. The briquette machine helps to process dry waste such as cloth, paper, cardboard into briquettes, which are sold to nearby industries like other cooking oil. Heavy plastic is sold to cement factories where it melts at 3000 degrees Celsius. The municipal council has received a lot of support from the private sector through banks and insurance companies in the area replacing plastic with cloth bags, and providing garbage collection vehicles.
As the country expands Clean India’s efforts, programs such as those in Vengurla show that a combination of awareness, innovation and collaboration can go a long way in transforming waste into wealth.
Plastic, with its special properties is now the largest in the world
environmental and health concerns, mainly due to its inability to eat perishable food. More than 50% of plastic waste
locally produced and reused and applied to
of various plastic products.
Dioxin is a highly carcinogenic and toxic product of
plastic manufacturing process. Plastic burning,
especially PVC, releases this dioxin and furan from
Plastics are used in so many ways that their impact is on
the environment is too wide. Neglected disposal
plastic bags clog the drain, preventing soil from entering again
causes problems with groundwater regeneration. Plastic disrupts
soil microbial activity. Plastic bags can also be contaminated
food due to leakage of toxic dyes and the transmission of
germs. In fact, most of the plastic bags i.e.
about 60-80% of plastic waste made in India
it is collected and disassembled for reuse. 20 – 40% left
they are spread out on the ground, and they are full of holes.
Eco-friendly design, rotting plastics are the requirements of
hour. Even in the most fragile plastic
developed and used, completely decaying plastics
Various sources of plastic waste include:
Family such as (Carry bags, animal bottles, Containers, Garbage
bags), Health and Medare (disposable syringes, Glucose
bottles, blood and urine bags, intravenous tubes, Catheters,
Surgical Gloves), Hotel and Name (Packing Materials
Mineral water bottles, plastic plates, cups, spoons) Air / Train
Containers (Mineral water bottles, plastic plates, cups, spoons,
THE USE OF PLASTIC CONNECTION :
• India Plastic Recycling Industry provides Employment as well
Business opportunities for many families. Its advantage
Rs.15, 000 Crores, Reusable volume is 2.6
MillionTonnes, No. of units are 10
employment of about 3.5 Million
• Carbon Recycling: Fuel from Plastic Waste:
Waste emissions of 900 gallons of diesel associated with height
quality EN 590 diesel. Maharastra signs MOU to produce
gasoline from plastic.
• Energy recovery
fuel replacement. Process verified by
authorized pollution control authority in India. Its advantage is
all types of plastic waste are fed