Segregation at Source
The environment surrounding us, the water we drink, the air we breathe are all polluted. The issue of pollution has shouted in recent years and has been generating more and more waste day after day people had been disposing the waste as per their convenience. The polluted environment has become terrible and is causing many diseases which may result into death. In long terms, the pollution has depreciating the health of residents without even getting it noticed.
Waste Management is one of the biggest challenges that urban India faces. This problem is not facing the cities of India but other developing nations too. Waste management in India fall under the concern of Union Ministry of Environment Forest and climate change (MOEF & CC).
Research on urban SWM in developing countries has developed from two main concerns; the concern for increasing complexity and costs of waste management, which are proving difficult to manage efficiently and effectively by local authorities, and the concern for environmental impacts of growing waste flows.
Solid waste management Rules were inaugurated in 2016 that has one of the main point of waste segregation at source which is mandatory.
If the waste is Segregated at the source, that is at house hold basis the waste can separate more efficiently. It is more efficient to separate or sort the waste at household than separating at the collection canter as the waste at collection centre is more complex and difficult to set apart.
Households are required to Separate waste into three different categories. The first category is organic or biodegradable waste, second is dry or non -biodegradable waste and last one is Domestic Hazardous Waste.
The organic waste includes green waste, food waste, peels of Vegetable & fruits etc. There waste is mainly biodegradable. The dry waste includes plastics paper, metal and wood. Domestic hazardous waste includes diapers, napkins, mosquito repellents etc. The waste is mainly categorising by dry waste and wet waste. The wet waste is biodegradable waste and dry waste is non-biodegradable.
Government implement scheme of blue and green dustbin for separating dry and wet waste. Green dustbin is assigning for dry waste and blue one is for wet waste. In Simple terms, waste segregation is the separation of wet waste and dry waste. The generation of waste is unavoidable.
The waste management is something that must be carried out and one way to do the careful Segregation so that dry waste can be recycled and wet waste can be composted as this waste are mostly organic matter in composition, which can be broken down into carbon dioxide, water, methane or simple organic molecules by micro-organisms and other living things by composting, aerobic digestion, anaerobic digestion or similar processes. which is used as fertilizer and generate revenue to the municipality and they may recycle to make useful products.
The waste that have good Calorific value are use as fuel in incinerators to generate heat energy. For various use in industries. That a celled. RDF (Refuse Derived fuel). When waste is segregated there is reduction in waste that remain to the landfill and thus the higher amount of waste (that are recyclable and non-biodegradable).
Doing separate collection is an action that has become part of our daily life; with a bit of organization, even if we have little space, waste sorting becomes a good habit that leads to considerable advantages.
It reduces the waste taken to landfill and limits the use of raw materials in the creation of new products, allowing to save the planet’s natural resources. Each of us produces about 35 kg of plastic waste each year: if this plastic were completely recycled, almost 12,000 tons of oil and coal would be saved in a town of 100,000 inhabitants!! The segregated waste like plastics and paper has been a valuable commodity sellable in local and foreign market.
It allows a considerable economical saving; 15 trees, 440,000 liters of water and 7600 kwh electricity need to produce a ton of virgin paper and on other hand to produce recycled paper 1800 liters of water and 2700 kwh of electricity is enough.
The more the landfill it creates higher number of odors and flies. Segregation reduces the production of waste for landfill, generate employment, reduce pollution, produce energy, reduce the use of natural resource.
Putting my pen down I would like to say that segregation of waste t source would be immensely efficient and should be mandatory otherwise it is no hyperbole to say that if man continues his activities of disposing thousands of millions of a variety of waste into environment he would one day extinguish himself or need of sanctuary to protect to him! A proper place foe a sanctuary also will be beyond his reach.