Waste Segregation is mostly the separation of waste into different categories. Mostly, wet waste and dry waste. People use dustbins, but very rarely are the waste segregated. They are commonly dumped in a single bin, which leads to difficulty in sorting the wastes and treating it in future.
A properly segregated waste turns out to be easier in recycling and treatment biologically or chemically. It makes the work of the authorities concerned, less cumbersome, and also cheap. Mixed waste makes it difficult for sorting and increases the chances of hazards for the cleaning authorities. There is a lot of manual labour involved in case of cleaning . Therefore, segregation of waste from the source, saves a lot of money, and makes the task easier. It also helps in recycling of waste and in generation of revenue attatched to it.
A well segregated waste can be achieved by labelling the categories of waste before sorting it, which also makes it accessible for cleaning.
The main problem is the will to segregate the waste, wet or dry waste from the source of generation. If at the minimum two dustbins are used to dispose the wet (Food, flower, garden waste, tea bags etc) and dry (Plastic bottles, paper, packets wrappers etc), then 80% of the waste can be solved as more materials at disposal end can be retrieved for recycling. The best practice is to keep papers separately, to ensure 100% recycling; ironically on average 17% paper waste is reaching the municipal waste dumps per day.
SAFE earnestly requests to donate waste in a segregated form and we carry out extensive awareness programs on segregation of waste at source.
RESOLVE also campaigns for correct waste disposal system at source. The program objectives get nourished by the contribution of segregated waste from organizations/institutions/residential complexes.
If the waste is not segregated it is not possible to reprocess or reuse the waste and burning of such waste pollutes the air which will increase the heart diseases, respiratory diseases. It also affects the quality of soil, water, and air.
It has great impacts on energy consumption if the waste is not reused or
recycled. Advantages of Waste Segregation:
The segregated waste like plastics and paper has been a valuable commodity sellable to local and foreign markets. Waste Segregation helps in recycling and reprocessing of the waste and reduces the further consumption of natural resources. Conclusion: If people want to live healthy and health hazard free, they should start abiding by the rules on waste segregation, otherwise they should be punished. One recommended solution to this is to color code the plastic garbage bags – green for biodegradable, yellow for infectious or toxic wastes and black for non-biodegradable.