Segregation at source :-
Segregation of waste at source is important, and this action leads to circular economy. It’s an effort that pays everybody and solves half the city ‘s problem
of waste management.
Waste segregation basically means keeping wet and dry wastes separately, so that dry can be recycled and wet waste can be composted.
Due to impacts of environmental pollution, people have been more cautious on waste disposal. Waste management involves processes of collection, transportation and disposal of wastes. Depending on the different types and nature of wastes, their management differs.
The main problem is the will to segregate the waste, wet or dry waste from the source of generation. If at the minimum two dustbins are used to dispose the wet (Food, flower, garden waste, tea bags etc) and dry (Plastic bottles, paper, packets wrappers etc), then 80% of the waste can be solved as more materials at disposal end can be retrieved for recycling. The best practice is to keep papers separately, to ensure 100% recycling; ironically on average 17% paper waste is reaching the municipal waste dumps per day.
Source segregation :source segregation is concept where the generator of the waste segregates waste in pre-definined group to enable higher resource recovery through recycling .
waste segregation costs nothing and take hardly no extra time. It’s a Matter of understanding our responsibility and more about nationaltic behaviour towards our society.
Waste if not segregated, can pose risks and constraints big problems to upcoming generation and also be effective on the choice of operation of waste processing technologies.
Plastic in waste if incinated could lead to release of dioxins which are toxic.
Household waste if not segregated can result in compost that is contaminated.
Why is it important to sort waste?
One reason that sorting material is important is that it helps ensure that the MMBC program only collects materials that can be recycled. … It is wasteful—and dangerous—to transport materials that cannot be processed at our facilities.
♻️ Segregation of waste basically
are of two types,
➡️ Organic [ degradable ] and
➡️Inorganic [ non bio-degradable ]
❖Wastes are materials that are not prime products
for a producer & have no further use in the process as such and are required to be
Wastes can be classified as,
▶️Either as hazardous waste or non
▶️Liquid Waste(waste water)
▪️The organic waste component is
Often converted into compost or
Methane gas using mechanical
Biological treatment [MBT].compost
Can replace demand for chemical
Fertilizers and nights can be used as
Source of energy.
▪️Inorganic waste ate typically used to
Segregate further into paper, metal,
Plastic… etc and then sell them.
E-waste or electronic waste consists of batteries, computer parts, wires, electrical equipment of any kind, electrical and electronic toys, remotes, watches, cellphones, as well as bulbs, tubelights and CFLs.
Store them in separate container which is kept closed, away from moisture and in which nothing else is put.
Biomedical waste :
This includes used menstrual clothes, sanitary napkins, disposable diapers, bandages and any material that is contaminated with blood or other body fluids.
They should be wrapped in a newspaper, marked with a red cross, and given everyday to the BBMP.
What happens if waste is not segregated?
When household waste is not segregated, the most common practice is to routinely empty the day’s trash, organics and recyclables combined, into the green corporation bins commonly found on every street. … Toxic chemicals from hazardous waste seeps into the ground over time and pollutes the ground water supply.
Waste segregation at source:
The SWM rule says that segregation as sorting and separate storage of various components of solid waste namely biodegradable wastes including agriculture and dairy waste, non-biodegradable wastes including recyclable waste, non- recyclable combustible waste, sanitary waste and non-recyclable inert waste, domestic .
Waste sorting is the process by which waste is separated into different elements. … “Waste segregation” means dividing waste into dry and wet. Dry waste includes wood and related products, metals and glass.
Impact of waste management : some waste will eventually rot, but not all, and in the process it may smell or generate methane gas,which is explosive and contributes to the ‘green house effect’.
Proper segregation of waste thus leads to a”circular economy ” creating green jobs, and also reduces the consomption of Virginia resources.
Segregated waste reduces health and safety related risks .Most of us understand the importance of waste segregation but still do not practice.
“so where is the problem? ”
It is an issue of attitude or do we simply not care!.
Today the percentage of waste segregation in Asian cities is 60%.
In Japan it is more high about 90% and same as in Northern America .This change they done by raising awareness, by imposing penalties or through enforcement. But in our cities the waste segregation percentage is very low about 20-30%.
Harmful effects of waste:
Bad impact on human, animal,marine ..etc health.
missed recycling opportunities.
Disease Carrying Pests
Adversely effects the local economy .
Most places you go to will have some form waste segregation .your office may have a bin for paper and cardboard ,the gym has a mixed recyclables bin, even your house should have some form of waste segregation asall local councils do kerbside collection.
Nowadays the important subject that affects and worries mankind is the issues concerned with waste management. Waste management practices especially the municipal solid waste can differ for developed and developing nations, for urban and rural areas, and for residential, commercial and industrial producers. Methods and techniques for waste collection and disposal varies widely among different countries and regions. Domestic waste collection services are generally provided by local government authorities, or by private companies in the most of the urban cities. Countries and experts alike spend lot of time and resources to come out with a solution to the problem of environmental degradation and climate change. This problem is created by mankind due to thoughtless act of consumerism. A few decades back disposable things were only used in the western countries which are considered as developed. Now the trend has changed. Most of the stuffs being used in developing countries are disposable or readymade, which are causing a lot of wastage of our resources.
But how important is it to put the right waste in the right bin?
There are many reasons to it,
The first reason is it is legally required under the waste regulations 2011,you must segregate paper, cardboard ,plastic, metal and glass at source unless it is technically or economically unfeasible. Under the same regulations you should implement the waste hierarchy ;reduse ,reuse, recycle other recovery and disposal ,By law, you should implement this hierarchy and segregation helps with recycling in particular.
Waste segregation is included in law because it is much easier to recycle.
Effective segregation of waste means that less waste goes to landfill which makes it cheaper and better for people and environment.It is also important to segregate for public health.In particular, hazardous wastes can cause long term
Health problems, so it is very important that they are disposed of safely and correctly and not mixed in with the normal waste coming out of your home or office.
Segregation waste is also often cheaper, to dispose of, because it does not require as much manual or mechanical sorting as mixed waste.
The number of important reasons that we encourage waste segregation; legal obligations, costs savings and protection of human healths and environment.
Total recycling is a big vision – it
means not wasting anything.
• It means wasting and attitudes that
Permit waste are unacceptable.
• Waste is proof that something is
wrong In the society, it´s a true evidence. You can try burn it
or bury it but still it´s an evidence of a
Society that’s not sustainable.
• Waste means that there are products
Made that are wrong, we need a
Redesign of these products so they will fit in to a modern society.
Waste segregation is best promoted by involving communities and self-help groups.
In order to ‘localize’ the benefits of waste segregation, technology is bought in for the rescue .companies that are famous for moulded water tanks are now producing quick-instal biogas plants.
These emerging technology options will certainly provide an incentive towards waste segregation at the source.
Recently, researchs have developed Automated motorized bins that separate the dry waste into paper, metal and plastic fractions, making on-site recycling safe, efficient and easier.
We can’t just recycle our way out
of this environmental mess, we
have to start producing less bad
We need sustainable products
that fit into the circular loop
So, it is rather worthwhile if you take a few minutes of your time, to put the waste in your household and premises in order.
What is the importance of segregation of waste?
Waste segregation is included in law because it is much easier to recycle. Effective segregation of wastes means that less waste goes to landfill which makes it cheaper and better for people and the environment. It is also important to segregate for public health.
Advantages of segregation of waste.
keeps the environment safe,fresh and clean.
saves the earth and conserves energy.
practice is highly lucrative.
reduces environmental pollution.
How waste segregation helps community?
Instead of tossing items out of the garbage or to the vast mountains of trash in landfills or increasing the amount of green house gas from incinerator plants, Waste Mamanagement allows the people to reduce ,reuse and recycle materials over and over again.
Recycling:-recycling is a method of procedure that includes the collection and breaking down of waste material to create something new out of it. The process was introduced sot that the non-biodegradable materials can be melted or break down to create something useful.
✔️Simple Ways to participate in waste segregation,
↪️keep separate containers for dry and wet waste in kitchen.
↪️keep two bags for dry waste collection -paper and plastic, for the rest of the house hold waste.
↪️send wet waste out of your house daily.
↪️keep your house, surroundings and premises always clean (garbage free).
Waste management problems:-
Disposing of waste has huge environmental impacts and can cause serious problems. … Some waste will eventually rot, but not all, and in the process it may smell, or generate methane gas, which is explosive and contributes to the greenhouse effect. Leachate produced as waste decomposes may cause pollution.
Importance of waste management :-
Some waste is hazardous and may cause harm to the environment. This includes plants, animals and habitats. … Reduces production costs An incredible benefit of waste management is it can cut overall production costs in the long run. Recycling helps to conserve natural resources such as glass, plastic, paper and oil.
Waste management is the managing of waste by disposal and recycling of it. Moreover, waste management needs proper techniques keeping in mind the environmental situations. For instance, there are various methods and techniques by which the waste is disposed of. Some of them are Landfills, Recycling, Composting, etc.
Due improper segregation of waste it not only effects human health but also other animals health and destroys nature balance.
Role of student in waste management:-
Educate staff and students about using other ways of disposing of waste, such as recycling, reusing and composting. … Make sure recycle bins are used correctly and that the items are clean when they go in the bin. For recycling to work, educating students and staff is essential.
Although these experts are in consensus that landfilling waste is the most economical disposal method, they also agree that more recycling and resource reduction should be attained to reduce the continuous need for landfills.
As citizens of a society we have a responsibility to manage our waste sustainably. We can do this following the five R’s of waste management: reduce, reuse, recycle, recover and residual management
So, it is very much important to segregate waste properly. Being human it’s our responsibility to take care of our nation and planet.keeping our surroundings and premises clean leads to health and clean society .
Waste segregation pays all benefits ,advantages and also makes our cities sustainable and liveable. Practicing in waste segregation would be a good habit and in fact a smart move rather than an obligation.