Rights Vs Duties : Aware Citizens, Awakened Nation
Fundamental rights are those rights which are essential for intellectual, moral and spiritual development of citizens of India.There are six fundamental rights recognised by the Indian constitution.
- Right to equality (Articles. 14-18)
- Right to Freedom (Articles. 19-22)
- Right Against Exploitation (Articles. 23-24)
- Right to Freedom of Religion (Articles. 25-28)
- Cultural and Educational Rights (Articles. 29-30), and
- Right to Constitutional remedies (Articles. 32-35)
- The right to equality includes equality before the law, the prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sexual orientation, gender or gender identity and/or place of birth, equality of opportunity in matters of employment, the abolition of untouchability and abolition of titles.
- The right to freedom includes freedom of speech and expression, assembly, association or union or cooperatives, movement, residence, and right to practice any profession or occupation.
- The right against exploitation prohibits all forms of forced labour, child labour and trafficking of human beings. Children under age of 14 are not allowed to work.
- The right to freedom of religion includes freedom of conscience and free profession, practice, and propagation of religion, freedom to manage religious affairs, freedom from certain taxes and freedom from religious instructions in certain educational institutes.
- The Cultural and educational Rights preserve the right of any section of citizens to conserve their culture, language or script, and the right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice.
- The right to constitutional remedies is present for enforcement of fundamental rights.
Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles and Fundamental Duties of India
It shall be the duty of every citizen of India —
- To abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem;
- To cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom;
- To uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India;
- To defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so;
- To promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious, linguistic and regional or sectional diversities; to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women;
- To value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture;
- To protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers, wildlife and to have compassion for living creatures;
- To develop the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform;
- To safeguard public property and to abjure violence;
- To strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavour and achievement;
- Who is a parent or guardian, to provide opportunities for education to his child, or as the case may be, ward between the age of six to fourteen years. [a]
Constitution Day also known as ‘Samvidhan Divas’, is celebrated in our country on 26th November every year to commemorate the adoption of the Constitution of India. On 26th November 1949, the Constituent Assembly of India adopted the Constitution of India, which came into effect from 26th January 1950.
Everyone is a part of some community, society, city, and country. Most people live for themselves. They consider their desires and goals the major issue. So, such people take care about their happiness and fortune. Citizenship means the position or status of being a citizen of a particular country1. Be a good student. To be useful for society you have to gain an excellent education. Learn smart at school. It will give you a proper basement for choosing another step which is a college or university. Learning is vital. You have to make proper decisions in future. Education will help you to be informed and to be armed with necessary knowledge. .2. Always be a hard worker. Education is only the beginning of the further process which is called working. While working hard, you contribute to the well-being of society.Stay informed. Watch news, check news channels on YouTube. Read newspapers and magazines which reflect the life of people that surround you. Usually such issues inform people about significant changes, movements, and events. Make a gift of your blood. Blood transfusion is a vital process. A huge amount of people need this help. It is a real charity, more real than money donating. You can literally save the life of someone if you give your blood. By the way, it is very good for your health.Be trained. It means that you may help people in case of emergency. There are some basic training which a good citizen must know. Give a job. You can do it, if you hire someone to clean your house. Do it at least once in a month. You will help people. Take care of yourself. You must be healthy, if you want to stay a good citizen. It is impossible to perform all the duties without staying healthy. Check the doctor, consume good food and necessary supplements. Take part in voting. It is an integral part of being a good citizen. Do cleaning. We are talking about cleaning whichSave water. Water scarcity is one of the main problems nowadays. Conserve it and do not overuse water like most people do. It is a vital resource. Be polite. It is a very simple duty and highly necessary. People often get depressed and a light which you can reflect may improve their mood and productivity. Smile and laugh, be open and sincere.
PUBLIC PARTICIPATION IN PROMOTING INTEGRITY AND ERADICATING CORRUPTION
“If a country is to be corruption free and become a nation of beautiful minds, I strongly feel there are three key societal members who can make a difference. They are the father, the mother and the teacher.” A. P. J. Abdul Kalam
ACTIVE VIGILANCE LEADS TO GOOD GOVERNANCE
Participative vigilance is probably one of the best methods to prevent corruption. However, we need to be pondered on the subject as its present form raises a few questions that are probably needed deliberations to make participative vigilance a reality within an organization.
Corruption refers to a form of criminal activity or dishonesty. It refers to an evil act by an individual or a group. Most noteworthy, this act compromises the rights and privileges of others. Furthermore, Corruption primarily includes activities like bribery or embezzlement. However, Corruption can take place in many ways. Most probably, people in positions of authority are susceptible to Corruption. Corruption certainly reflects greedy and selfish behavior.Methods of Corruption
First of all, Bribery is the most common method of Corruption. Bribery involves the improper use of favours and gifts in exchange for personal gain. Furthermore, the types of favours are diverse. Above all, the favours include money, gifts, company shares, sexual favours, employment, entertainment, and political benefits. Also, personal gain can be – giving preferential treatment and overlooking crime.
Embezzlement refers to the act of withholding assets for the purpose of theft. Furthermore, it takes place by one or more individuals who were entrusted with these assets. Above all, embezzlement is a type of financial fraud.
The graft is a global form of Corruption. Most noteworthy, it refers to the illegal use of a politician’s authority for personal gain. Furthermore, a popular way for the graft is misdirecting public funds for the benefit of politicians.
Extortion is another major method of Corruption. It means to obtain property, money or services illegally. Above all, this acquisition takes place by coercing individuals or organizations. Hence, Extortion is quite similar to blackmail.
Favouritism and nepotism is quite an old form of Corruption still in usage. This refers to a person favouring one’s own relatives and friends to jobs. This is certainly a very unfair practice. This is because many deserving candidates fail to get jobs.
Abuse of discretion is another method of Corruption. Here, a person misuses one’s power and authority. An example can be a judge unjustly dismissing a criminal’s case.
Finally, influence peddling is the last method here. This refers to illegally using one’s influence with the government or other authorized individuals. Furthermore, it takes place in order to obtain preferential treatment or favour.
Ways of Stopping Corruption
One important way of preventing Corruption is to give a better salary in a government job. Many government employees receive pretty low salaries. Therefore, they resort to bribery to meet their expenses. So, government employees should receive higher salaries. Consequently, high salaries would reduce their motivation and resolve to engage in bribery.
Increasing the number of workers can be another suitable way of curbing Corruption. In many government offices, the workload is very high. This provides an opportunity to slow down the work by government employees. Consequently, these employees then indulge in bribery in return for faster delivery of work. Hence, this opportunity to bribe can be removed by bringing in more employees in government offices.
Nationalism is the concept of loyalty towards a nation. In Nationalism, this sentiment of loyalty must be present in every citizen. This ideology certainly has been present in humanity since time immemorial. Above all, it’s a concept that unites the people of a nation. It is also characterized by love for one’s nationNationalism happens because of common factors. The people of a nation share these common factors. These common factors are common language, history, culture, traditions, mentality, and territory. Thus a sense of belonging would certainly come to people. It would inevitably happen, whether you like it or not. Therefore, a feeling of unity and love would happen among national citizens. In this way, Nationalism gives strength to the people of the nation.
Nationalism has an inverse relationship with crime. It seems like crime rates are significantly lower in countries with strong Nationalism. This happens because Nationalism puts feelings of love towards fellow countrymen. Therefore, many people avoid committing a crime against their own countrymen. Similarly, corruption is also low in such countries. Individuals in whose heart is Nationalism, avoid corruption. This is because they feel guilty to harm their country.
Nationalism certainly increases the resolve of a nation to defend itself. There probably is a huge support for strengthening the military among nationalistic people. A strong military is certainly the best way of defending against foreign enemies. Countries with low Nationalism, probably don’t invest heavily in the military. This is because people with low Nationalism don’t favor strong militaries. Hence, these countries which don’t take Nationalism seriously are vulnerable.
Nationalism encourages environmental protection as well. People with high national pride would feel ashamed to pollute their nation. Therefore, such people would intentionally work for environment protection even without rules. In contrast, an individual with low Nationalism would throw garbage carelessly
Though a lot of factors had led to rising nationalism in India, the major role was played by First world war, Rowlatt act and Jallianwala bagh massacre. These major incidents have had a deep-down impact on the mind of Indians. These motivated them to fight against Britishers with a strong feeling of Nationalism. This feeling of nationalism was the main driving force for the independence struggle in India.Thus, their collective struggle against colonialism brought them together and they have collectively developed a strong feeling of responsibility, accountability, love, and devotion for their country. This collective feeling of the Indian people was the start of the development of Nationalism. Without Nationalism, there would have been no advancement of Human Civilization.
Satark Bharat, Samriddh Bharat (Vigilant India, Prosperous India)