What is of prime importance in our 21st century?
Its nothing but waste segregation!!
Before entering into the wide discussion of the topic we are supposed to answer the questions……. What? why? How?
If we are enough confident to crack the questions without any regression half the problem is solved!!
What I meant from these is nothing but we humans are the most responsible one’s for these kind of distractions happening around us .So we are responsible for answer the question. But the fact is we don’t even have any answer for this!
Okey!! Before that ,
WHAT IS WASTE??
It may seem easy – “waste” is everything that no longer has a use or purpose and needs to be disposed of, right? Right.
The term certainly applies to discarded material, but there are specific definitions for waste that affect how waste is regulated and must be handled, especially in professional settings.
Waste can be classified into five types of waste which is all commonly found around the house. These include liquid waste, solid rubbish, organic waste, recyclable rubbish and hazardous waste. Make sure that you segregate your waste into these different types to ensure proper waste removal.
The majority of household and veterinary practice waste is considered “solid waste,” regardless of whether it’s actually “solid” in physical form. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) defines solid waste as “any garbage or refuse, sludge from a wastewater treatment plant, water supply treatment plant, or air pollution control facility and other discarded material, including solid, liquid, semi-solid, or contained gaseous material resulting from industrial, commercial, mining, and agricultural operations, and from community activities.”
Solid wastes are further divided into sub categories such as hazardous wastes and non-hazardous wastes. They are again sub divided into other categories too!!
WHY THIS WASTE ?
What is the cause of this?
Wastes may be generated during the extraction of raw materials, the processing of raw materials into intermediate and final products, the consumption of final products, and other human activities. Residuals recycled or reused at the place of generation are excluded.
Not long ago, we thought that nature was not only wise, but also indestructible. We believed it could overcome, volcanoes, ice ages and meteorites as destructive as 10 billion atomic bombs.
However, in the 21st century we are faced with images of a planet being choked by oceans of plastic, with melting icecaps and parched forests becoming deserts. The evidence is there: the planet is on the edge of an abyss and we are going down with it.
We are all responsible for global warming. We habitually use things that pollute the environment without knowing it and we need to avoid them at all cost
We are breaking a terrible record, one that has never occurred in the history of mankind. Animals and plants are becoming extinct thousands of times faster than they have done in the last 500 million years and, according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), if we don’t do something about it now, within a century we will have lost 67% of the currently endangered fauna and 99.9% will be in serious danger of extinction.
Throwing disposable wipes down the toilet
These do not break down like toilet paper and they are responsible for most blockages in water treatment plants and sewers.
Throwing chewing gum on the ground
Chewing gum consists primarily of neutral plastic and, as well as littering the streets, it chokes and kills many birds who mistake it for food.
Using aerosol deodorants
Aerosols damage air quality, although, according to a 2018 article in scientific journal Nature Communications, their effects on temperature vary according to the part of the world where they are used.
Plastic water bottles take 500 years to break down and they release microparticles which are dangerous to health.
Eating foods that contain palm oil
Chewing gum consists primarily of neutral plastic and, as well as littering the streets, it chokes and kills many birds who mistake it for food.
Leaving cigarette butts on the beach
This is the most commonly found waste on the coast, they take up to 10 years to break down and release contaminating metals.
Washing with the tap running
Scientists from North Carolina State University (USA) Have calculated that we would save over 1,400 litres per person per month just by turning off the tap when we wash our hands and brush our teeth.
Releasing helium balloons into the air
This is extremely dangerous to birds, fish and other marine animals that can choke if they eat them by mistake.
Throwing batteries in the rubbish
They contain mercury — one of the most toxic metals in the world — and take 500 to 1,000 years to break down. Just one battery can contaminate up to 3,000 litres of water.
Throwing away plastic six-pack ring carriers without cutting them up .These plastic rings trap animals like fish and turtles, causing mutilation, malformation and even death.
According to a study conducted by the University of Aarhus in Denmark in 2018, the damage will be so devastating that the planet will need between 3 and 5 million years to recover from the sixth mass extinction in history and the first caused by mankind. The effects of development, agriculture and industrial livestock farming, forest destruction and CO2 emissions, among other actions, are speeding up the loss of biodiversity due to global warming, desertification and the pollution of oceans and rivers.
As time moves, we are supposed to work…..as work proceeds waste generates! Its quiet natural.
But the fact is…… WASTE BECOME WASTE when it become a threat to us or when we forgot to dispose it!!
5 Kinds of Environmental Pollution Caused by Waste.
When pollution was beginning to be talked about it was recognised as a huge threat to human health and the surrounding natural resources. However, the long-term effects from pollution seems to be have forgotten. Most people seem to only talk about air pollution and relate it to the exhaust from vehicles. However, it is actually much bigger than that. Here are 5 kinds of environmental pollution caused by waste that you should know:
1. Air Pollution
Air pollution is the contamination of air by smoke particles and harmful gases. They are mainly oxides of carbon, nitrogen and sulfur. Some examples of air pollution include:
o The burning of fossil fuels like oil, gas or coal
o The exhaust fumes from your vehicles
o The mismanagement of landfill waste caused by garbage pollution
o The harmful fragrance or off-gasing from plastic production, paints and so on
o Nuclear accidents or radiation spills
They are all caused by waste and the only cure is through growing forests, and just a lot of trees everywhere!
2. Land Pollution
This kind of pollution is actually the degradation (becoming unusable) of Earth’s surface . There are 2 causes, and guess what, a pile of waste is one of them. Land pollution is mainly caused by improper disposal of waste and the misuse of resources. Here are some examples of land pollution:
• Litter on every corner or on the side of the road
• Oil spills
• Illegal dumping in natural habitats
• Debris or damage caused from unsustainable logging practices
• Pesticides and other farming chemicals
• Nuclear accidents or radiation spills
Because of land pollution we will likely lose the natural habitats of animals, especially the endangered ones like orangutans and tigers!
3. Garbage Pollution
It is caused by the mismanagement of solid waste from human & their activities, waste collectors and waste disposal contractors. The effects of this type of pollution is the spread of harmful bacteria in the surroundings, as well as obnoxious odours which will also end up as air pollution. The water will also get contaminated, which will transmit parasites and bacteria to humans.
4. Beach Pollution
Beach pollution is waste like plastic bags, nets, or cigarette filters that being thrown to beach. This waste harms sea creatures and affects the marine environment. It is often caused by irresponsible beach visitors littering and leaving their waste behind after a picnic or get together.
5. Plastic Pollution
Plastic pollution is hard and soft non-biodegradable plastic that stays on the land for thousands of years or forever (pretty much all plastic is this type of plastic). It will stay forever in the soil and harm the soil’s health and composition
Here it seems to be waste.!!
HOW CAN WE OVERCOME THIS DIFFICULTY?
Separate your waste: don’t mix your household waste, separate everything into different containers.
Recycle and reuse: stop using single-use plastics and always choose packaging and items that can be reused several times. Before you throw something away, think whether you can give it a second use.
Save energy: make use of natural light, install LED bulbs, switch off lights you don’t need, adjust your thermostat and air conditioning.
Eat organic food: buy fruit and vegetables free from fertilisers and other pollutants.
Turn off taps: ensure they are not dripping when you finish washing up or washing.
Use sustainable means of transport: walk, pedal or user public transport whenever you can.
Do not use single-use bags: use cotton bags instead of plastic and paper ones.
Fill your house with flowers: plants and trees produce oxygen and are essential to nature.
All the above mentioned methods are some suggestions from the UN.
According to my view ,One of the best method for waste management is
WASTE SEGREGATION AT SOURCE.
Waste Segregation -The First Step To Keeping 50 % Of Our Waste Out The Landfill !!
All the waste management interventions are futile if they don’t address one fundamental problem : the lack of waste segregation at source.as long as people put their recyclable ,organic ,hazardous and sanitary waste in the same bin, the municipal corporation collects and dumps it the landfills.
According to a World Bank Report on global solid waste management, reliable global MSW information is either not available or incomplete, inconsistent, and incomparable. There is no data available on the exact number of households who do and don’t segregate wastes
In Bangalore at present, an initiative called ‘2 bins 1 bag’ is making waves. A collaboration between Urban Local Bodies and the BBMP, the initiative has taken a simple idea and made it trendy enough for the likes of Rahul Dravid , Milind Soman and Raghu Dixit to endorse it. They provide a package which includes 2 plastic buckets or ‘bins’, colour coded red for hazardous waste and green for organic waste, along with a bag for recyclable waste. It is essentially a 3 receptacle system which should be a no-brainer for every household in the world to follow .The private sector has also forayed into this space with an interesting approach.
ITCs WoW (Wealth out of Waste) programme has been extremely successful. ITC distributes a bag to households in select localities, for them to put their paper, plastic and metal into. Every 10 – 15 days it is collected and taken to a scrap yard where the paper is baled and sent to one of ITC’s reprocessing units. Originally piloted in Andhra Pradesh, WoW is now operational in Bangalore, Chennai, Cochin, Coimbatore and Madurai. They have subsequently partnered with Ramky Enviro Engineers, India’s largest waste management company.
When household waste is not segregated, the most common practice is to routinely empty the day’s trash, organics and recyclables combined, into the green corporation bins commonly found on every street. It is then collected by trucks (contracted out to Ramky Enviro Engineers) and taken to transfer stations. Here, waste pickers try to recover as much recyclable material as they can to sell for money, after which the trash is taken either to landfills and dumped unscientifically. Landfills are supposed to be sanitary .Each landfill is a 200 acre plot of rotting, festering and often burning garbage. Toxic chemicals from hazardous waste seeps into the ground over time and pollutes the ground water supply. Most people are unaware that the amount of heavy metals, chlorides, fluorides and particulate matter in our water is much higher than permissible levels. Hazardous waste in landfills are also sources of dioxins and furans, extremely carcinogenic substances
What will happen when we denied to dump plastics or wastes in a scientific manner ??
Undoubtfully we can say that it will definitely leads to a society where all humans beings suffering of health issues .not only human beings but also the plants and animals and each and every minute organisms in the world will suffer only because of the cruelty of mankind .when simply says its nothing but “we are inviting our death”. simple failure to segregate waste at home compounds a much larger problem which is fast reaching a stage that may be insurmountable for us. Hard-hitting images of trash polluting beaches and oceans across the globe have brought to light the magnitude and seriousness of the problem. An estimated 8 million tons of plastic is dumped into our oceans every year. That is equal to five grocery bags for every foot of coastline in the entire world! This is in addition to a host of other problems such as ocean acidification, biomagnification, soil contamination, and ground and surface water pollution.
Now its time to think about a new culture!!
Interventions such as ‘waste-to-energy,’ intended to remediate the mounting garbage problem, are still controversial and fraught with ethical and environmental concerns. Moreover, they fail to address the fundamental issue of waste generation and the need to curb the usage of virgin materials in the first place. It seems the only way forward is a ‘circular economy’, widely championed in Europe at present. A circular economy is essentially a system wherein materials are fed back into the manufacturing chain as far as possible, though reuse, refurbishment and recycling.
To put things into perspective, organic waste such as fruit and vegetables takes anywhere between 1 – 6 months to decompose, whereas the average PET bottle takes approximately 450 years to decompose. Believe it or not, this is actually the lower end of the spectrum. I am sure we are all aware of that infamous piece of trivia about styrofoam cups taking close to a million years to disintegrate. It may also come as a surprise to some that a glass bottle too, takes a million years to disintegrate! Glass is also the only
material than can be truly ‘recycled’ as opposed to plastic and paper which lose quality each time they are processed (known as ‘downcycling’).
Why then, would we ever consider throwing glass away unless it is broken? There is a clear incentive here for people to sell glass, plastic, paper and e-waste to the informal waste sector so they don’t end up in landfills, on roadsides and in water bodies. The cost of waste disposal is seemingly externalized (when somebody else pays the price for an action you commit) as communities living near landfills and other disposal sites are the ones affected immediately, but a little awareness on the subject will make people realize that eventually the cost is borne by all, through polluted air, water and soil.
Let’s take a look at the kind of change that can actually take effect it we achieved a greater degree of household segregation
At present, only a handful of citizens compost at home. This is largely due to a lack of awareness of what composting is, to begin with. Furthermore, many people find it difficult to get the hang of, simply because of a lack of knowledge of proper technique. Composting is actually a very simple process and if done correctly, odour-free, pest-free and hardly takes time off one’s weekly schedule. There is a plethora of resources and services available to help you at every level, right from turnkey solution providers who will come home and set up from scratch, retailers who provide products to get started, right up to urban gardening specialists who will help you set up amazing terrace or home gardens where you can utilize your compost.
It is clear that there can be no substantial change in the waste landscape without the adoption of segregation at home on a larger scale. Roadblocks including the lack of awareness of scrap dealers to take your recyclable waste, and improper knowledge of composting, can only be overcome through adequate knowledge transfer. This has to be facilitated at the community level by individuals with expertise, in collaboration with community based organisations. This is the driving motive behind our Neighbourhood Champions campaign. We should take the initiative to constitute a citizens resource base by connecting with as many individuals as possible who are currently segregating and composting.
We should work with individuals who are excited to lead segregation and recycling efforts in their local neighbourhood and then we can undoubtfully say that this community is at the core of achieving a 60% reduction in waste going to landfills…………..
We should proceed with a motto
WA-SE-MY-RES ( WASTE SEGREGATION MY RESPOSNSIBILITY )
NOW ITS TIME TO CREATE A NEW WORLD WHERE EVERYONE CAN ENJOY THE REAL NATURE!!!