As the civilization is growing, expanding, the waste produced by them is also increasing day by day. Now a days it has become a headache to the countries as well as stacking, managing the huge mountain holds of trashes are becoming the reason of sleepless nights of the administrator in every country. On the other hand the threat of acute energy crisis is looming high before the human society. The reserve of fossil fuels is diminishing rapidly. The reserve of coal and petroleum is dangerously falling. Very soon we will face a situation when coal or petroleum will be a subject of past. The other source of energy like hydropower or atomic energy are either depends upon the nature’s magnanimity or accompanied by the threat of destruction like Chernobyl. Here the waste created by the people has come as a great promise where a curse is transformed into a blessing for humanity. This program is called waste to energy. The global energy market is also face great energy demands and rapid depletion of conventional sources of energy accompanied by concerns over environmental pollution caused by the conventional energy sources has given a major thrust to the energy market, basic ingredients of which is urban waste. With the rapid urbanization of human civilization of modern times, there is a rapid surge in residential and commercial waste. This increase, although a cause of worry has become a boon in solving the problem future energy crisis. As per IEA, annual ASW production from 2010 to 2015 by India, China, Pakistan, Vietnam and Thailand has expanded from 60 ml to over 300 ml out of which China holds the major penetrations. This stockpiles of garbages causing health hazards to the countries population.
By using the stockpile of garbages as fuels for generating power by burning the waste has got a serious thought of the government as well as industries. The countries like USA, Canada, UK, Germany etc are producing huge amount of municipal solid waste ( MSW) and encouraging countries to generate powers from MSW as raw material are being encouraged by giving subsidies from the environmental pollution control funds. Municipal solid waste needs to be segregated at source and the harmful solid metals should be excluded. We have seen the marketing of MSWs has become a lucrative business for some countries as well as a much-needed solution of waste management problem. The UK is exporting MSW to Sweden and Sweden accepts them with financial assistance from UK with the MSW. Which in turn has become a great solution to Sweden’s energy problem. Similarly in our country our dependence on the conventional sources of fuels can be reduced greatly if more emphasis is put on using MSW as a source of energy. The fuel crisis is blinking on us very seriously and it is the high time India finds and adapts alternating source of energy. Also the large municipal corporations can get relief about the problem of getting enough space for dumping their waste. Even there is a chance that civic bodies can be self-sufficient as far as their energy needs are concerned. The market forecast are based on primary and secondary research datas. The market structure is design on the basis of secondary research on the product portfolios of WTE technologies. While only four international companies are currently active in WTE market, it is expected as huge increase at the growth rate in coming years due to the participation of developing countries. Here the civic body roles are of great importance. They provide a continuous source of of raw material that is MSW used for the the power plants as well as ready captive market for the energy produced by them. Further it will be produced at a cheaper rate, for this the city dwellers will get electricity buy a cheaper rate. Not only this the project will generate employment opportunities which will in hence the economy standard of the city. Thus we find the solid waste by proper management to become a huge wealth even the “Dzin of Aladdin” had never dreamt. At present the major stakeholders of this WTE industries are :
1. The companies generating energies
2. Manufacturers of energy equipment
3. Waste management companies
4. Research labs doing R&D jobs and lastly state and regulatory bodies.
The countries like India who has limited resources but a huge conjunctions needs to do a due delligence in this regard. It solves problems like managing solid waste, energy problem faced by the industries as well as common consumers, solving unemployment problem also increasing the scope of skilled engineering entrepreneurs, only a little governmental encouragement by way of providing land and capital to them can transform the animatic health of the country’s economy to a robust flourishing economy.