Waste is one of the biggest challenges that urban India faces. It is not just India, but the whole world faces the menace of mountains of waste on our planet. Every plastic that has ever been produced on this planet still exist on our seas, oceans and lands. There has been no known natural or artificial technique to degrade plastics which means once the plastic is manufactured there is no way to get rid of that plastic in our lifetime. Scientists and engineers estimate that one gram of plastic takes more than 450 years to be completely degraded which means the plastic that we use today will still be in existence for four generations to come.
Menace of plastic waste is a big threat to the existence of our planet. In this particular waste management essay, we shall be concentrating mainly on plastic waste because it is one of the biggest looming threats to our country. There are other waste as well which are organic and inorganic nature which can be artificially or naturally degraded but plastic is one such material where scientists have failed to find a suitable solution for degradation.
Waste Management-Waste management is essential in today’s society. Due to an increase in population, the generation of waste is getting doubled day by day. Moreover, the increase in waste is affecting the lives of many people.
peoples living in slums are very close to the waste disposal area. Therefore there are prone to various diseases. Hence, putting their lives in danger. In order to maintain a healthy life, proper hygiene and sanitation are necessary. Consequently, it is only possible with proper waste management.
The Meaning of Waste Management
Waste management is the managing of waste by disposal and recycling of it. Moreover, waste management needs proper techniques keeping in mind the environmental situations. For instance, there are various methods and techniques by which the waste is disposed of. Some of them are Landfills, Recycling, Composting, etc. Furthermore, these methods are much useful in disposing of the waste without causing any harm to the environment.
Methods for Waste Management
Recycling– Above all the most important method is the recycling of waste. This method does not need any resources. Therefore this is much useful in the management of waste. Recycling is the reusing of things that are scrapped of. Moreover, recycling is further converting waste into useful resources.
Landfills– Landfills is the most common method for waste management. The garbage gets buried in large pits in the ground and then covered by the layer of mud. As a result, the garbage gets decomposed inside the pits over the years. In conclusion, in this method elimination of the odor and area taken by the waste takes place.
Composting– Composting is the converting of organic waste into fertilizers. This method increases the fertility of the soil. As a result, it is helpful in more growth in plants. Furthermore it the useful conversion of waste management that is benefiting the environment.
Advantages of Waste Management
There are various advantages of waste management. Some of them are below:
Decrease bad odor– Waste produces a lot of bad odor which is harmful to the environment. Moreover, Bad odor is responsible for various diseases in children. As a result, it hampers their growth. So waste management eliminates all these problems in an efficient way.
Reduces pollution– Waste is the major cause of environmental degradation. For instance, the waste from industries and households pollute our rivers. Therefore waste management is essential. So that the environment may not get polluted. Furthermore, it increases the hygiene of the city so that people may get a better environment to live in.
Reduces the production of waste -Recycling of the products helps in reducing waste. Furthermore, it generates new products which are again useful. Moreover, recycling reduces the use of new products. So the companies will decrease their production rate.
It generates employment– The waste management system needs workers. These workers can do various jobs from collecting to the disposing of waste. Therefore it creates opportunities for the people that do not have any job. Furthermore, this will help them in contributing to society.
Produces Energy– Many waste products can be further used to produce energy. For instance, some products can generate heat by burning. Furthermore, some organic products are useful in fertilizers. Therefore it can increase the fertility of the soil.