” Think before you throw it”
Waste Management are activities and actions required to manage waste from its inception to its final disposal. This includes the collection, transport, treatment, and disposal of waste together with monitoring and regulation of waste management process.
Waste that are produced by human actuvities are now a days disposed irresponsibily on roadside, unused lands, etc. Lack of proper treatment of such waste creates many problems like a bad odour, harmful diseases– causing germs spread all over place and most commonly domestic waste are being thrown like this by people.
Waste are classified into different types based on physical appearance
1 liquid waste 2 solid waste3 organic waste.
Waste Management for liquid waste is different from solid and organic waste. Waste are also classified based on degree of harm like hospital wastes are classsified as infectious, highly infectious, generak waste.
Waste managment begins from point of collection. It is neccessary to segregate waste from point of collection so that process becomes easier. Transportation of waste is next step and it is different for solid, liquid, organic, hazardous and infectious waste.
Disposal of waste is final step in waste management whereby Inreeration, burying, recycling and treatmemt of waste is done.
Waste Management is aimed at protection of environment and to enhance safety of surrounding environment for humans and animals. Hazardous waste are disposed far from each of humans and animals to prevent harm.
Environment pollution is major public health issue that is prevented by proper waste management because fewer waste end up in the environment. Recycling as a waste managmnet process enables saving of accumualtion of waste.
The solution of waste management cannot be implemented by the government or officers sitting miles away from your home. As the saying goes, ” CHARITY BEGINS AT HOME”, the solution to waste management should be started within our homes.
Firstly while disposing of waste, segregation of waste into liquid waste , solid waste, organic waste, inorganic waste and plastic waste should be categorized well . Plastic waste must be as much possible as reused and the organic and inorganic waste instead of throwing them away can be used as compost in our backyards or in our gardens. While waste management can start at our house, there should be enough awareness and educational programs that the government should conduct to make people aware of the impending threats of plastics in our society.
Other than the individual level, on a governmental level, the massive scale of waste produced by human beings in a country is in thousands of tons every day. The government has to set up recycling plants in every districtand every village so that waste produced will be recycled immediately within the vicinity without being dumped on the land or water which causes pollution in the ecosystem. Without proper recycling and reusing and disposable systems in place, man has been dumping harmful and toxic waste on land and water for many years, without realizing the fact that this waste will eventually come back to man through food or through the air we breath.
Industries and factories dump certain toxic waste and oils in oceans, harming the aquatic life on the planet. When this aquatic life is comsumed by human beings , this will poison the entire food chains on all levels. It is said that harmful chemical such as zinc or lead or tungsten has been already penetrated through our food cycle. It is also estimated that people have started to consume plastics through food, agricultural food and this can have catatastrophic effects on human health.
I would like to conclude by saying that waste management cannot be done effectively if each and every citizen of country does’nt take cognizance of the problem. All that the governments and authorities can do is create the system but the onus of separating the waste and reuse and recycling lies on the shoulders of every citizen of country.
The international community has to come together and formulate proper policies to prevent dumping of harmfuk waste into our ecosystem and we have to prioritize the research and development to find innovative waste disposal solutions.
“DHARTI MATA KARE PUKAR, AAS PAAS KA KARO SUDHAAR”
By Janki Parvadiya