Any substance that is not serviceable and has lost its utilitarian value is considered waste. Every biological phyla discharge waste yet waste has practical purpose in nutrient recycling of the environment. However activities of man has disturbed balance leading to accumulation of untreated waste resulting in pollution.
There are highly heterogeneous sources of waste: municipal waste, construction and demolishing materials, industrial and chemical waste. This diversity of source is setback in its efficient treatment. Many people can not differentiate between wet and dry waste. Segregation of waste at its source can drastically reduce the cost of management.
Recently Delhi has been chocked due to stubble burning. Scientists has demonstrated the process of converting crop residue into compost to rejuvenate soil. Somehow it couldn’t materialize with farmers continued to burn and in process harming useful microorganisms in their soil. In developing economy of India it is apparent harm to limited a resource.
Plastic is another nuisance in community. There is no system is classify single use plastic with high amount still dumped in ocean. Although there is ban on polythene bags experts believe it is rigid packaging of food and beverages are more harmful.
Government policies can be game changer. With primary focus on changing consumer behaviour, active participation of youth and policies which transcend economic barriers the aim of plastic free future can be realised.