Introduction- due to impacts of environmental pollution ,people have been more cautious on disposal. Waste management involves processer of collection, transportation and disposal of wastes.depending on the different types and nature of wastes, their management differs.
Types of wastes-wastes are classified into different types based on the physical appearance. Liquid waste are liquid in nature, solid wastes are solid & organic wastes are organic in nature. Waste management for liquid wastes is different from solid and organic wastes. Wastes are also classified based on the degree of harm like hospital wastes are classified as infectious, highly infectious and general wastes.
Process of waste management – waste management begins from the point of collection. It is necessary to segregate wastes from the point of collection so that the process becomes easier. The transportation of wastes is the next step & it is different for liquid, solid,organic, hazardous and infectious wastes. Disposal of wastes is the final step in waste management whereby incineration,burying, recycling and treatment of wastes is done.
Importance of waste management-waste management is aimed at protection of the environment &to enhance the safety of surrounding environment for humans and animals. Hazardous wastes are disposed far from reach of humans and animals to prevent harm. Environmental pollution is a major public health issue that is prevented by proper waste management because fewer wastes end up in the environment. Recycling as a waste management process enables saving of resources and prevention of accumulation of wastes.
Waste management concept- waste management starts with the collection of waste from the source itself. Transportation of such collected waste is another important factor. Once the waste is carefully transported to appropriate place suitable for disposal, then comes the processing and proper disposal stage of waste management. However, there are many other important aspects of waste management. One of them is the three R’s concept:Reduce,Reuse and recycle. Reducing the production of waste by controlling excess use of products, and also by the reduction of sources while the product is manufactured,Will help in the waste management. Use more eco be disposed of easily without polluting our environment.
Waste of Energy- under this procedure of waste management, non-biodegradable wastage is transformed into the sources of energy like fuel,heat,or electricity. All of these are renewable energy sources since the non-biodegradable wastage might be utilized for creating energy repeatedly.
Waste management essential in today’s society. Due to an increase in population, the generation of waste is getting doubled day by day. Moreover, the increase in waste is affecting the lives of many people. For instance people living in slums are very close to the waste disposal area.therefore there are prone to various diseases. Hence, putting their lives in danger. In order to maintain a healthy life, proper hygiene and sanitation are necessary. Consequently, it is only possible with proper waste management .
Recycling- Above all the most important method is the recycling of waste . This method does not need any resources. Therefore this is much useful in the management of waste. Recycling is the reusing of things that are scrapped of. Moreover recycling is further converting waste into useful resources.
Landfills- it is the most common method for waste management. The garbage gets hurried in large pits in the ground and then covered by the layer of mud. As a result, the garbage gets decomposed inside the pits over the years .In conclusion, in this method elimination of the odor & area taken by the waste takes place.
Composting- composting is the converting of organic waste in to fertilizers.this method increases the fertility of the soil. As a result, it is helpful in more growth in plants. Furthermore it the useful convertion of waste management that is benefiting the environment
Conclusion – the organization that are working for the environment have created numerous methods that deal in waste management. The usage of new innovative technologies for handling and disposing of solid waste also helps in the direction of waste management.