My views on environmental issues
Our environment is made of both living and non-living things. The living things include animals,plants and other microorganisms,whereas air,water,soil,sunlight etc., from the non-living components of the environment.
Whenever any kind of toxicity is added to our surroundings for a considerably long duration,it leads to environmental pollution. Some of the major type pollutions are air, water, soil, nose, light and nuclear pollution.
Smokes from the induatries,house chimneys,vehicles and fuels causes air pollution. Wasted industrial solvents,plastics and other wastes,sewage etc, causes water pollution. Use of pesticides and deforestation are the major causes of soil pollution. The unnecessary honking of vehicles,useof loudspeakers lead to noise pollution.
Although it is hard to realize the light and nuclear pollutions these are equally harmful. Excessively bright lights consume a lot of energy while threatening the environmental balance in several ways. Needless to say, the negative impacts of a nuclear reaction last for many decades to come.
All the constituents are interconnected to each other. As the cycle of nature goes on, the toxicity of one component is passed on to all other components as well. There are various means by which the contamination continues to circle in the environment. We can understand it with an example below.
When it rains,the impurities of air gradually dissolve in the water-bodies ans soil. When crop are grown in the fields,their roots absorb these harmful toxicants through the contaminated soil and water. The same food is ingested by both animals and human beings. In this way,it reaches the top of the food chain when the herbivores are consumed by the carnivores.
The consequences of enviromental pollution can be seen in the form of severe health diseases. More people are suffering from respiratory problems,weaker immunity,kidney and liver infections,cancer and other chronic illness. The aqautic life,including both flora and fauna,is depleting rapidly. The soil quality and crop quality are deteriorating.
Global warming has become a major issue as a result of environmental pollution that the world needs to cope up with. Thw melting icebergs in Antarctica have resulted in the rising sea levels. Natural calamities such as frequent earthquakes,cyclones etc are all due to the havoc caused by the the increased environmental pollution levels. Incidents of Hiroshima-Nagasaki andChernobyl in Russia have led to the irreparable damage to the humankind.
In response to these disasters,every possible measure is being taken by the different countries in the world. More awareness programs are being organised to educate people about the hazards of environmenral pollution and the need of protecting our planet. Greener ways of living are becoming popular. Energy-efficient bulbs,eco-freindly vehicles,use of solar and wind energy,are to name some.
Governments are also emphasizing on planting more trees,eliminating plastic products,better recycling of natural wastes and minimal use of pesticides. This kind of lifestyle has helped us to protect many plant and animal species from becoming extinct while making earth a greener and healthier place to live in.
Theme – Waste Management
Waste management is essential in today’s society. Due to an increase in population,the generation of waste is getting doubled day by day. Moreover,the increase in waste is affecting the lives of many people.
For instance, people living in slums are vary close to the waste disposal area. Therefore there are prone to various diseases. Hence, putting their lives in danger. In order to maintain a healthy life,proper hygiene and sanitation are necessary. Consequently,it is only possible with proper waste management.
The Meaning of Waste Management-
Waste management is the managing of waste by disposal and recycling of it. Moreover,waste management needs proper techniques keeping in mind the environment situations. For instance,there are various methods and techniques by which the waste is disposed of. Some of them are landfills,recycling,composting,etc. Furthermore,these methods are much useful in disposing of the waste without causing any harm to the environment.
Methods for Waste Management
Above all the most important method is the recycling of waste. This method does not need any resources. Therefore this is much useful in the management of waste. Recycling is the reusing of things that are scrapped of. Moreover,recycling is further converting waste into useful resources.
Landfills is the most common method for waste management. The garbage gets buried in large pits in the ground and then covered by the layer of mud. As a result, the garbage gets decomposed inside the pits over the years. In coclusion,in this method elimination of the odor and are taken by the waste takes place.
Composting is the converting of organic waste into fertilizers. This method increases the fertility of the soil. As a result,it is helpful in more growth in plants. Futhermore it the useful conversion of waste management that is benefiting the environment.
Advantages of Waste management
There are various advantages of waste management. Some of them are below :
Decrease bad odour
Waste produces a lot of bad odour which is harmful to the environment. Moreover, bad odour is responsible for various diseases in children. As a result, it hampers their growth. So waste management elimininates all these problems in an efficient way.
Waste is the major cause of environmental degradation. For instance,the waste from industries and households pollute our rivers. Therefore waste management is essential. So that the environment may not get polluted. Furthermore,it increases the hygiene of the city so that people may get a better environment to live in.
Reduces the production of waste-
Recycling of the products helps in reducing waste. Furthermore,it generates new products which again useful. Moreover,recycling reduces the use of new products. So the companies will decrease their production rate.
It generates employment-
The waste management system needs workers. These workers can do various jobs from collecting to the disposing of waste. Therefore it creates opportunities for the people that do not have any job. Furthermore,this will help them in contributing to society.
Many waste products can be further used to produce energy. For instance,some productscan generate heat by burning. Furthermore,some organic products are useful in fertilizers. Therefore it can increase the fertility of the soil.
Sub Theme : Plastic – From waste
The treasure is hidden in the trash. It is a different matter that we are for behind in extracting this money kept in the treasury. Waste management is in bad condition in India. There is no complete policy of how the disposal of waste from the cities should be done. In such a situation,the mantra to make “Waste to wealth” can be useful to us.
These days our earth has been filled by a lot of waste. There is a lot of garbage,plastic waste and electronic waste. We always produces it and dump it when we need the new one. Our waste are pilling up and continuously accumulating. Plastic waste is one of the biggest problems for us now. And our solution in this problem is recycling. In my opinion,recycling is a way to manage used items into new products. We can Reduce,Reuse and Recycling (3R) waste management. Recycling turn things into other things which is like magic.
We know that nowdays plastic is the one materials that widely used by human in all of the country. Most of our Goods become from plastic. The bad news is, plastics waste that come from our unusable goods end up in the oceans. There are 60% to 80% plastic wastes on the sea are coming from the land and it will cause a big problem to 267 sea species in this world. That one example is more than enough to start recycling our plastic waste.
We can start from reduce and reuse first for reduce examples,when we buy something. We should prepare our own bag to put the goods we buy, dispose the waste according to the bin that specially provided for plastic, use a refill bottle for our drink bottle and prefer a paper bag than plastic bag.
When we use plastic we also generate waste after its usefulness is lost. It is here that the real disconnect happened. The industry did not realize that it has to work faster to generate collection method for plastic waste to make it an employment generation sector and generate application for plastic waste with products to suit industry and society.
Plastic waste can be used to make different products both for engineering and non-engineering application. Plastic waste can be used for energy generation. It can be reused for the same application after processing. The way we handle plastic waste is wrong. Some of the key takeaways are –
Deshmukh research institute demonstrated how coming from a small village patented application was developed for developing useful products from village waste. DRI has made bricks which is projected to be used for army bunkers as it has ability to absorb the power of high intensity gun firing. This application alone can absorb large scale mixed plastic waste to tiles,bricks paver blocks and mile stones. Normally a village has population of 10000 to 20000 and average plastic waste generate will not be more than 50 kgs per day. By having such equipment in every village, all plastics waste can be converted to useful products for villages.
Today we have to save our earth by recycle the useless stuff and we have time for it. Paper,plastic,glass,aluminium are some examples of products that are recycled or recycle in large quantities, so we should not waste it. Only then we can keep our earth save.
Plastic wastes are also used in the construction of roads. Raw materials used for road construction are Aggregate, Bitumen (tar), waste plastics. Process involved in producing waste plastic flakes are segregation, cleaning, shredding process and collection process. Plastic is a good binder. Plastic improves aggregate impact value. Helps to improve the quality of flexible pavement.
Advantages of Plastic road:
Use higher percentage of plastic waste.
Reduce the need of Bitumen by around 10%.
Increase the strength and performance of road.
Reduce the cost.
Generate jobs for rag pickers.
Develop a technology, which is eco-friendly.
So plastic road would be a boon for India’s hot and extremely humid climate where durable and eco-friendly roads which will relive the earth from plastic waste.
So we have to reduce,reuse and recycle the plastic waste which we generate to save earth. From recycling of plastic we get employment, pollution free air, water in total pollution free earth. Decomposing of plastic is harmful because it does not burried in the soil at all. So recycle is the best way to get the wealth from plastic waste.
Thank you for the opportunity to write an essay about our views on environmental issues, waste management and also about the plastics converted into wealth. This also increase the concern about the environment in youngsters. Thank you so much for the organizers.
“The world is changed by your example not by your opinion”