The human society is facing the biggest problem of managing the waste which is increasing in a humongous way as the world population increases. climate change activists also blame the waste which is generated mainly by humans themselves. They are of the view that the society is not taking the problem seriously as it does in taking part in politics! let us first see what is waste management.
Waste management is the sustainable, technological and scientific way of managing the waste generated by humans such as garbage, if we talk precisely waste can be divided into solid, liquid and gas and each can be treated differently. Further subdivisions can be made on the basis of industrial, biological and household. Waste management can play an important role in dealing with the various problems caused by the mismanagement of waste. Whereas it is treated differently in developed and developing countries on the basis on resources and technologies available in that country.
Now let us look at the problems caused by waste and why we need to do waste management.
The non management and mismanagement of waste can cause various environmental problems such as; contamination of water, air and soil, impacts on various species having their homes in water and on or inside land, marine animals suffer most because of the waste disposal by humans in various waterbodies and die without knowing their fault. The human being is itself on the urge of destruction and destructing the biodiversity as well. The environment and ecology is suffering. The debris is not finding its righteous place of dumping. The waste dumped inside the land is causing the contamination of soil which is leading to the continuously decreasing soil quality and lack of fertile soil. The waste dumped in water is causing the contamination of water this leads to the threat to marine life including plants. The air contamination indirectly caused by the mismanagement of waste leads to air pollution, the recent and most popular example can be the pollution seen in Delhi mainly seen in winters.
The Indian perspective of waste management and the problems:
India being the second most populous and still a developing country faces the problem of proper waste management in a serious way. The Central Pollution Control Board under the ministry of environment, forest and climate change works for the same. However the country is trying to do its best in managing the waste which can surely lead to pollution, in a proper way. The Swachch Bharat Abhiyan is a great initiative by the Government of India in this way. Apart from that the states are also continuously working with various organisations to tackle with this waste also in recycling, reusing and reducing theory, recent example that I read in a newspaper that I want to quote here is the Park in Kolkata which is set to turn waste into art, elaborating further, esplanade bus depot will soon host a unique art installation made of old or used tyres. In 2016, the ministry of environment, forests and climate change released the solid wastage management rules,2016 which does its bit in the same way. This policy is notable in that it has acknowledged and included the informal sector(waste pickers) into the waste management process for the first time.
world’s view of waste management.
The world if we talk about technology is currently living in the golden age. Various missions to space, mass industrialisation, Artificial Intelligence (AI), etc. could be proven effective to the entire world. But if we talk about waste management the whole scenario is quite different, the world still needs the best to manage its waste. The problematic one in this stage is E-waste, and its management is also not everyone’s cup of tea. Also the waste generated by debris of artificial satellites in space is a concern. Here I want to quote the climate change activist Greta thunberg, a Swedish environmental activist who is working for promoting the view that the humanity is facing an existential crisis from climate change. Still if we talk about the technologies the world is using to manage its waste are recycling and recovery of waste, waste to energy, best from waste initiative, landfills, biological reprocessing, thermal treatment, plasma gasification, bioremediation, etc.
Proper management of waste includes building a sustainable environment and liveable conditions for humans as well as animals. Practices dealt with municipal solid waste is the toughest one in a view that it is a bulk of the waste created by industries and households.
The waste hierarchy.
The three “R”s of the waste management process, namely, Reduce, Reuse and Recycle. It is the modern classification of the waste management process which is also known as the waste hierarchy. It helps in the classification of waste in terms of desirability of waste minimisation. The aim is to extract the maximum benefits from products to create products. Best from Waste and Waste to Energy are few of the great initiatives in this order.
Effects on the World economy.
The world economy is highly affected by the environmental crises due to mismanagement of waste. So the waste hierarchy has helped the world economy to grow in order to create best from waste and reselling of products from waste products. The initiative is to minimise the waste and converting it into something more useful with a improved life cycle of products.
In order to make the mother earth live longer and providing the future generations a sustainable environment it is important to take a step forward in the proper management of waste and a civilized and a happy life for ourselves too. It all starts at home! We as Human beings and the most mature specie on the planet earth can at least contribute this much only to the mother earth as it is well said by someone that we are just a small creature on this earth, the earth is not because of us but we are living, breathing because of the nature, the Earth.