As the population grows so does the waste . As a citizen of India we are responsible for the waste management and not just of the collectors. Segregation of waste must start from the generators. Developed countries give importance to waste management and segregation so they get a healthy environment. India also needs to look upon this issue more efficiently.
Source segregation of waste is being adopted across the world for its simplicity and high impact. It is high time that our country works on this issue. Overflowing landfills and the problems it pose to the prople living around it is a serious threat. The worrying fact is that people are unware of such a practice.
There are 3 categories of waste segregation with dustbins:
1》Biodegradable – Wet waste
Wet waste refers to organic waste from the kitchen which includes fruit and vegetable peels,coffee gronds,tea leaves,bones,cooked food (veg &non veg)
2》Non biodegradable- Dry waste
paper,cloth,woodetc comes under dry waste and it goes to the blue dustbin.
3》Domestic hazardous- !
Solvent based paints,pesticides , batteries,motor oil,sanitary napkins,biomedical waste such as used needles, expired medicines,broken mercury thermometers anad many goes to the red dustbin.
WHY TO SEGREGATE
•Waste segregation at source is the most relevant step that will help the environment and also control the accumulation of waste in the landfills.
•Segregating post collection of garbage not only takes longer and cost more but can do more harm if recyclable waste is sent to the landfill. Paper mixed with biodegradable wastes are not taken for recycling.
•It can reduce the further consumption of virgin natural resources.
•If waste is not segregated it would be difficult to follow the 3R’s (Reduce,Reuse and Recycle)
and burning plastics not only pollutes the air but also deteriorate the quality of soil and water.
•Source segregation leads to higher recovery of recyclables.When waste is managed at sorce it becomesa resource. Afterall energy saved is energy generated.
•Source segregatsegregation ebables a heathy environment for the collectors,thus supporting dignified livilehood opurtunities.
• The International Labour Organisation (ILO) estimated that 15 to 20 million people worldwide earn their living from recycling waste. The informal waste collectors are mostly poorand our cooperation provides them with an income and wellbeing indirectly.
The importance to segregate waste at source plays an important role in the waste management and helps a lot of factors from environment to the collectors.
‘HOW TO SEGREGATE ‘ is alrady mentioned. It is by seperating 5he waste according to their nature. By segregating we save the earth and the life of workers who collect waste. Waste can be easily segregated with the help of coloured dustbins.
•The solid waste management rules 2016,states that it is the responsibility of the generator to segregate the waste into 3 categories- wet,dry and hazardous waste and handover to the respected authorities.
• The Environment Protection Act enacted in 1gave power to the central government to regulate all forms waste and tackle specific problems that may be present in any region of India.
•The 74th Amendment Act (1992) endowed the municipalities with such powers and authority to carry the responsibility of public health, sanitation and solid waste management.
• The Municipal Solid Waste (Management and Handling) Rules (SWM) 2000,highlighted that it is the responsibility of the generator to to ensure delivery of waste in accordance with the collection and segregation system notified by the municipal authority.
In 2006, the National Environment Policy (NEP) identified municipal waste as a major cause of soil pollution. It recognised the need to implement segregation from local bodies and substituting biodegradable and recyclable materials in place of plastics.
There are many other government schemes such as SWACHH BHARAT MISSION. Lack of awareness,loosely implementation of lawz and various other reasons are the hurdles in achieving appropriate results. Solid waste management should be sustainable ecologically and economically to achieve the best results. Segregation has more goals to achieve an in a developing country like India we have to deal with poverty,population growth and high urbanisation rate combines with the ineffective solid waste management technique.
Social Impact- There would be no foul smell and segregation provides dignity and better livelihood for the workers .
Economic Impact- There is a better source recovery from dry waste. Thus it contribues to the economic growth.
Environmental Impact- It shows a positive impact on environment. 4% of MSW is paper and if 1 ton of of paper is recycled we can save 7 trees daily.
Reduce,Reuse and Recycle- This is the best policy to save our resources .It is hihgly practical which makes it different from others.Reduce and reuse needs to implemented more.
Cmpost – The wet waste from kitchen is an excellent nutrition provider .But most peple burn the dry leaves and further it is only limited to rural areas as urban areas are full of buildings.
This problem can also be solved by :
•Using advaned technologies for waste management
• Door to door campaigns
•Monitoring and feedback
•Bringing an overall attitudinal change
•Strong volunteers to make it a global achievement.
We can achieve this if our government strengthens laws and policies in favour of waste segregation at source. An important thing to be noted is that this should not be politicised and rather it should be considered as fundamental need.The rate of success is 100% if the 100% waste is segregated 80% can be recycled.
We all should see the importance on segregating rather than taking it as a burden.