WASTE SEGREGATION AT SOURCE
This essay takes a look at both sides of a case. On one side we have segregation of waste as a major concern and on the other side we have it as a topic of avoidance. The causation of waste is inevitable and hence the waste materials affect the human and environmental health. Wastes are substances that can be segregated on everyday basis but due to ignorance it gets disposed in dump yards and pollution harms the planet. Only if we begin creating awareness and take the responsibility , we can stop the environment from getting further polluted.
First and foremost , waste segregation should start at domestic level. Every household should own two waste disposal bins. One for dry waste and one for wet waste. Secondly, the wet waste must be disposed off on everyday basis. While the dry waste can be disposed once or twice a week. Waste segregation which is the first step in waste management will help to save the environment. If done in the right manner , it will not only get rid of environmental waste , but also lower the potency of greenhouse gases like nitrous oxide, methane etc.. In addition , only when we segregate wastes , we can enrich the earth by filling it with biodegradable wastes, only! Such an action will help in making our surroundings more pure and less contaminated.
It goes without saying that waste segregation is mandatory as it is legally needed. Under the Waste Regulations 2011 , plastic and paper must be segregated at source. Also everyone should apply the waste hierarchy ; REDUCE , REUSE and RECYCLE. Effectual segregation of wastes means that less waste goes to dumping ground and promotes better public health. At present this initiative of segregation is taken by countries at local , national and international degrees to protect our planet Earth as it is an amenable act to provide a better surrounding for the present and coming generations.
According to a research , Delhi alone generates about 7000 tonnes of municipal waste and it is expected to rise to 17000-25000 tonnes / day by the year 2026 , due to quick increase of inhabitants. Hence disposal and segregation of waste has become a big migraine for the municipality in Delhi. Another research has found out that India generated over 18000 tonnes of Covid-19 related bio-medical waste in four months. Hence, the experts have called to reduce , reuse and segregate wastes.
The workers who segregate wastes as well as the waste pickers must be provided with right health and safety tools like gloves and boots along with proper hygienic working conditions. They should also be provided a medical insurance. Sometimes the chance of transmission of infection is high and as a result , workers get unwell and lose their wages. This shouldn’t happen! Industries must take the initiative of waste segregation seriously as they are the ones which generate wastes in large amounts. I’m pointing out at the oil and gas industries including refineries and petro-chemical industries . Relevant waste segregation techniques must be included as a part of their processes to sustain the environment.
The government and associates in some developed and emerging countries have critically taken up the source of creating awareness about waste segregation. Through various mediums , the message and is being transmitted to reach to communities. Strict measures are also taken up by them against negligent businesses and industries. At domestic level, we must be determined to care for waste segregation in our daily activities.
All things considered, the process of waste segregation should be properly explained to family/neighbors in the surrounding. Also the schools and other educational institutions should focus on educating their students on practicing waste management and segregation in community. So , don’t forget to segregate!