Waste is termed as unusable or useless but ironically waste can be recycled . Primarily technology was not much enhanced so people were not aware about recycle but now as technology has enhanced people are getting familiar with recycle word and understanding the importance of recycle . There are several types of waste ranging from solid to gas such as thickened sludge from effluent treatment plants , municipal sewage and flue gases or refinery gases . As recycling of waste or these kind of waste is known as Waste Management .
Waste Management can be done in different ways , in which Waste to Energy is considered unequivocally .
Waste to Energy is a process of generating energy in the form of electricity . But here one question arise why do we need waste to generate electricity when we already generate electricity through water , as a result of we can see that still many areas are abysmal in terms of getting electricity but with this production of electricity will increase and no scarcity of electricity and this process is environmental friendly .
Efforts of Indian government towards the thrive of Waste to Energy , as the NITI Aayog a part of Swach Bharat Mission envisage 800 Megawatt for WtE plants in 2018 -19 . Currently there are 40 odd plants at various stage of construction . About 1.43Lakh tones per day of municipal solid Waste is generated across the country . WtE plants in India are at Delhi, Kanpur , Bengaluru , Hyderabad, Lucknow , Vijawada and Karimnagar .
The waste per capita generation increases with increase in the gross national of a country , with the proliferate in energy has been termed as an option having immense potential for a sustainable future . An increasing amount of waste generation and growing concern for its management to meet the need for sustainable urban living and increasing focus on non fossil fuel. Sources of energy are driving the adaptation of waste to Energy market . The market is restrained by the expensive nature of incinerators particularly as energy, prices decline and a number of plants are Unable to cover operating costs . As In china, the number of incineration augmented from 44 (2008) to 28 6 (2017) . None, china is turning to new facilities that burn solid ta waste to Produce electricity.
Japan has been one of the leading markets for waste to energy in Asia-Pacific .
WTE technologies consist of any waste treatment process that creates energy in the form of heat or electricity from waste . Generally the production of energy comes from either thermal conversion of waste or biological conversion of organic waste .The WtE based on thermal energy conversion has been leading the global market . Europe has the largest market of WtE in 2013 with 47.6%. During 2011 -15 China was the fastest growing market of WtE .
In Waste to Energy market segmentation by manufacturers the report covers the following companies : Sanfeng Covanta , chin Everbright , Tianjin Teda , Grandblue , shanghai environmental , Shenzhen Energy and among others .
Recently the outbreak of COVID -19 resulted in shortage of labour and raw material in the recycling and energy industry , as there was a lockdown in many countries which also gave effect to thier economy .
now lets talk regarding the policies . In 2018 ac community was formed to get the feedback for the ACT . more than 600 people had their views . The policy allows non thermal waste to energy treatments that produce valuable byproducts , such as the production of Refus Derived fuel (RDF)
or anaerobic digestion . In US there is Energy Policy Act ,2005 , the US Department of Energy and 24 State Governments.
As a conclusion WtE plants are proliferating not in India only but globally also . As everyone is understanding ameliorate our environment is best , they should be aesthetic towards environment as they are for themselves . Recycling is the best way to save our resource from being scarce and this is a part of sustainable development . The best way to use the resources is the three R’s that is recycle , reuse and reduce . Dendro Liquid Energy is four times more efficient in terms of electricity generating . The coming technology will hopefully be beneficial to our environment and as we know it is our duty to nurture our surroundings and environment .