In a world of changing values and patterns of production and consumption, the impact generated by solid waste, grows at an accelerated rate. Global trends analyzed by the World Bank indicate that waste generation in the world increases faster than the rates of urbanization or the global GDP growth. In this scenario, it is necessary to encourage all actors committed to waste management to act systemically to find environmentally correct solutions with scientific and technological base. The necessary measures based on the principles of circular economy, in which the products are designed with vision not only for its use, but also for its recycling, avoiding or reducing the use of virgin resources. The circular economy generates wealth and growth and requires innovations in product design and business leaders. With the implementation of the National Policy on Solid Waste (NPSW), Brazil takes the first steps in the construction of an integrated approach to waste management, enabling the creation of new opportunities for entrepreneurial activities. In this context, the use of waste for energy recovery emerges with great importance, particularly in Brazil where there is a great potential for energy use from biomass. As a result, a set of actions is proposed-in relation to private management of landfills, qualification and provision of services-aimed at the economic management of waste generated in the country, combined with technological, social and environmental sustainability.