A fast developing country like India generates various kind of urban and industrial wastes.The range of waste streams includes plastics- the most hazardous and detrimental one.Proper management of these plastic wastes is the most challenging problem faced by the countries across the world.However their exist many initiatives and findings to cope with these serious issue.By the proper management of such initiatives and findings,we can make our waste in to a wealth ful one.
Dumping of plastic wastes in our lands ,mainly in our precious water resources ,make it uncomfortable to use.And also,oceans and large percentage of marines are died due to the fact that plastic is non – biodegradable and it is hazardous to soil .However modern world cannot survive without the support of plastic industry.So need to ban plastics,instead of these ,we could collect plastic wastes and build wealth. plastic wastes can be used to make different engineering and non- engineering applications.And also there exist many recycling methods ,one of them is that the recycling of 5 PET bottles produce enough fibre for making one t- shirt.Another recycling method is to convert plastic wastes into filaments for 3D printing.
And also we can make school bags out of flex panel waste.Normally,flex panels which are used for advertisements are literally dumped for land filling.Such flex can be now made useful.Home fencing using plastic lumbers from recycled post consumer plastic wastes.Plastic lumbers made from recycled plastics are ideal for building fencing on farms,real estates ,national parks,forest reserve areas,commercial places and construction purpose .The need and cost for timbers is rising .So that,plastic wastes gives an opportunity to manufacture a better and reliable alternative to timber.
Waste is an issue for all of us.we all create it and that means we are all responsible for what happens to it.waste needs to be dealt with in the safest way possible .Even as house holders ,we have responsibilities towards waste .Usually these means putting our waste and recycling out for collection by our local council ,or by waste collection services contracted by our local council .Largely as house holders ,we deal responsibility with waste ,so it doesn’t harm the environment.The ideal thing is our garbage is our responsibility .At home we must manage our own garbages .And also there is need to separate biodegradable garbage from non- bio degradable one .The cities and towns must have highly advanced garbage treatment plants to preserve the beauty of our environment.We cannot totally eliminate these huge biomass of plastic wastes ,but we can minimize it by intelligent planning and shopping .When shopping take our own grocery,which is reusable .This will prevent plastic bags from accumulating at home.Buy stuff that has least amount of packaging.
Waste in our community increases day by day .But there are many ways to reduce our community wastes.
1. Use reusable grocery bags
and not just for groceries .
2.purchase wisely and recycle
3. Avoid single use food and drink containers and utensils.
4.Avoid food wrapped in plastics .
5. Buy things in bulk
6.Compost our kitchen wastes.
7.By use of repurpose sturdy containers and recycle other materials.
Recykal is a company which developed digital platform to help people to get value to their plastic wastage ,highly successful in Hyderabad.It is likely to hit all major cities.The app based waste collection and creation of value for the waste segregated has helped in cultural changes of people.
There are various issues plaguing efficient waste management in India ,ranging from lack of proper guidelines ,planning from the part of authorities ,poor waste collection and treatment system and poor awareness among citizens about waste segregation . In order to tackle India’s waste,the first critical step is to segregate the components at the source . Source segregation is a concept where the generator of the source ,segregate waste in pre -defined groups to enable higher resource recovery through recycling .Source segregation of waste is being adopted across the world for it’s simplicity and high impact.It has also been made a rule in India.As per solid solid waste management rules 2016 ,the municipal solid waste which is waste generated in houses,commercial areas,institutions etc…….is to be segregated at source in 3 categories .They are bio degradable ,non -biodegradable ,and domestic hazardous.However the compliance continues to be weak .There is limited awareness among waste generators on why to segregate ,and how to segregate .And also there is a need to be focus more on improving awareness and implementing source segregation easier.
Plastic wastes can be used for energy generation .It can be reused for the same applications after processing.Technologies today are able to recover the energy contained in plastics.Worst of plastic waste mixed with even tetra Pak cartons can be converted into useful for tractors and energy generation .Plastic have a high energy content that can be converted to electricity ,synthetic gas,fuels and recycled feedstocks for new plastics and other products .Recovering this abundant energy also reduces waste sent to landfills and complements .Definition of renewable energy should be broadened to include energy from non- recycled plastics .Many government bodies and law- EPA,24 states ,the energy policy act of 2005-already recognize energy recovery as a source of renewable energy. plastic consumption must decrease ,foremost as regards to disposable plastic packaging .This will save resources as it would decrease the use of raw materials and the load on waste management systems ,and can be stimulated through legal regulation .
Our intelligent young generation may please try to keep pace with our progress of science and technologies by also becoming aware of their civil,moral and social responsibilities.Lastly,be a responsible citizen of the country reduce unnecessary consumption ,reuse what can be reused and recycle what can be recycled.If every one of us become aware of our social responsibility towards cleanliness ,swatch Bharat will not be just a dream.