Wastes are unwanted and worthless material which comes in existence after the use of any product. Disposing of waste plays an vital role in cleanliness and health of society and country. Throwing waste in unplanned manner destroys the beauty of nature and place and increases pollution. Biodegradable waste (food stuff, plant product, papers etc.) attracts harmful microbes and spreads harmful communicable disease. Proper waste management is necessary to control pollution and citizen of the country should make aware about the harmful effects of improper dispose of waste.
The term ‘waste from wealth’ refers to generating the wealth and money from the waste materials. It will be helpful in country’s growth and development. By making aware people of the country about methods of generating wealth from waste will reduce the energy consumed to dispose waste, pollution, volume of landfills (area where big pits mines and daily garbage and waste dumped and disposed of). There are different ways to convert waste to wealth. It all starts from recycling. Recycling is a process to convert waste product into useable form. Waste plastics can be used again by the process of recycling. Biodegradable waste collected from different cities and villages can be used to produce vermicompost and fertilizers and thus produces wealth. Sugar making factories uses sugarcane to produce sugar, waste sugarcanes can be used to fire up their boilers to produce steam to generate electricity. Using waste after recycling instead of buying any other material will leads to savings. As kitchen leftover can be used to make compost to fertile soil and thus saves money spent earlier on organic manures.
Reduce, reuse and recycling are 3 R’s of waste management. The idea behind recycling is to reduce energy, usage, reduce volume of landfills, reduce pollution, greenhouse effect and preserve natural resources for future. Waste management also plays an important role in generating wealth from waste. Generating wealth and money are terms studies under business studies and management is primary need to earn money. The method of landfill also helps to generate wealth. Wastes are buried under soil and fertile the soil and produces good and fine quality grains. The gases released during the process used to generate electricity.
Recycling inorganic waste i.e. PET and plastics, waste papers should be recycled in a proper manner. Large amount of unusable electronic items parts can be used again to make new models. This will be helpful. Non biodegradable materials are dumped in landfills and burned which results in pollution. There should be better management of these wastes. Municipal solid waste incinerators transform waste into solid ash which can be recycled for many purposes. There should be proper dumping system i.e. dry waste and wet waste should be collected in two different containers. Different category waste should be collected separately. If we are preparing organic fertilizer from wet waste it should be ensured that it is not contaminated with other toxic waste like waste of medical, battery etc. There is huge revenue from waste just a need of clear and effective thinking.
Certain business relating to waste can also generate wealth. The bio gas power plant one the business among them. The composite wastes of humans and animals are used to produce methane gas. Moreover, rag pickers collect waste from roadsides and sell them at certain price per kg or per piece and feed their family. These wastes then carried forward to recycling plants and made useful once again. Thus, wealth from waste is a good idea and helpful in country’s economic development.